Safeguarding Level 3. Unit 001

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  • Topic: Child abuse, Human sexual behavior, Abuse
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  • Published : November 6, 2012
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001 The context for safeguarding children and young people

1.1
Identify the changes which have occurred in the UK over the past 100 years in relation to children and health conditions/practices, education and employment, citizenship and rights, equality and diversity. A) Health conditions/practices

There is now legislation in place to ensure all children have access to the health services they may need. Agendas such as ‘every child matters’ ensures that children have the opportunities to access services they may need. The introduction of the Children Act 1989 has had a huge effect for children. It is designed to help keep children safe and well and, if necessary, help a child to live with their family by providing services appropriate to the child’s needs. The Children Act supports children in need and their families to access the following services: -short break services

-holiday play schemes
-care at home
-aids and adaptions
-Financial help
100years ago children were more likely to live in poverty causing malnutrition. There were not immunisations like there are today which meant children were more likely to become ill or even die from diseases. Children didn’t have access to hospital services like they do now. If someone broke a bone it was left to heal on its own. Homely remedies were used more often rather than specific medication. There was no social services 100years which meant there was no-one to step in to help a child if they were living in poverty or being abused and mistreated. Local authorities now provide support groups aimed at specific needs. In the past this was never recognised so families would struggle on their own without being offered any help/support from the government. B) Education and employment

100years ago children went out to work at a very young age. They worked in places such as mines, factories and mills. There is now a legal age limit where children cannot work below the age of. Working class or poor Children didn’t always have the opportunity to finish school as they needed to work to earn an income. Children from upper class families had more opportunities to get a good education as they could afford private tutors and did not have to go out to work before they finished school. 100years ago working conditions were bad with no legal limit on working hours. C) Citizenship and right

100 years ago there was no legislation to provide children’s rights. The United Nation's Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) applies to all children and young people aged 17 and under. The Convention gives children social, economic, cultural or civil and political rights All children and young people up to the age of 18 years have all the rights in the Convention. Some groups of children and young people - for example those living away from home, and young disabled people - have additional rights to make sure they are treated fairly and their needs are met. Over the past 30years there have been many pieces of legislation that have gradually given disabled children and those with specific requirements more legal rights such as: -the right to be educated alongside others

-the right to be treated no less favourably than others
-the right to have their needs assessed and met
-the right to be involved in decisions that will affect them Children did not have these rights 100years ago meaning they didn’t have the opportunities they have now. In the past children with a disability were labeled as ‘spastics’. They are now correctly diagnosed and their conditions are given names. D) Equality and diversity

There is now many laws and legislation which promotes equality and diversity such as: -Race Relations Act 1976
-Children Act 1989 and 2004
-Care Standards Act 2000
-Education Act 1981
-Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001
-Disability Discrimination Acts 1995 and 2005
-Equality Act 2006
In the past people were discriminated against due to race, religion,...
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