M2-D1: Review/Evaluate strategies used in health and social care environments to overcome barriers to effective communication and interpersonal interactions.
In this assignment I am going to review the barriers to effective communication and the strategies best used depending on the situation of the individual.
Within health and social care setting the range of people you could potential be working with differs from speech impairments, hearing impairments, sight impairment, physical and intellectual disabilities, language differences and assumptions or values and beliefs. These barriers can affect everyone in different ways depending on how serious the impairment could be. When communicating with these individuals achieving effective communication can be a struggle within the barriers formed, in this assignment I am going to talk about overcoming barriers of communication with three different individuals, my first individual is a child who suffers from autism, my second individual is someone who suffers from a visual impairment whilst my third individual will be someone who suffers from learning disabilities. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other people described by The National Autistic Society [online]. (2013). It also affects how they make sense of the world around them. People with autism may also experience over- or under-sensitivity to sounds, touch, tastes, smells, light or colours. The three main areas of difficulty which all people with autism share are sometimes known as the 'triad of impairments'. They are: difficulty with social communication, difficulty with social interaction, difficulty with social imagination. They can find it difficult to use or understand: facial expressions or tone of voice, jokes and sarcasm, common phrases and sayings; an example might be the phrase 'It's cool', which people often say when they think that something is good, but strictly speaking, means that it's a bit cold. With autism the strategy to learning how to communicate is five basic stages of the senses; Reverse Autism Now [online]. (2009). Explains how the five senses can contribute to an autistic child’s communication. 1. Sight 2.Hearing 3.Touch 4.Smell 5.Taste. Sight sense in an autistic person would include things like hypersensitivity to lights and particular interest in certain colours or patterns. Flashing lights from a television screen, computer, or anywhere else for that matter, can also cause eye stress. Not only should you be concerned about eye stress with an autistic child, but you should also be very aware of the real fact that many people who have autism also are epileptic and can have a seizure at any point. Understanding these things will help you communicate with an autistic child as their body language will indicate if lights or patterns affect them in any way. Hearing, or sounds, is such a powerful sense to a child with autism. So much so in fact, that a single noise of water running can cause a meltdown very easily, children with autism can hear the noises that others don’t pick up on as easily they hear it all. It all goes in and becomes extreme chaos; especially if they are trying to retain the information. Understanding this will help you to communicate with autistic children. Watch their body language and if they are covering their ears or throwing a fit or acting anxious, then listen really hard to the ambient noises. Try speaking in a softer tone; this will help to not irritate the child with too many noises consisting to them. Touch and feeling is no exception when it comes to a child with autism, communicating to an autistic child won’t be accomplished through touch as many children with autism have altered signals pulsating through their nerves which can cause touching to be very painful. This is why some children with autism undress themselves; they can’t stand the way the clothes feel. So find something that is...
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