Unit 1-an Introduction to Childcare

Topics: Childhood, The Child, Learning Pages: 12 (4323 words) Published: January 7, 2013
Unit 1 Assignment
Part 1-E1 and E2

There are three main types of setting; they are private, statutory and voluntary. All the different services that come under each of these sectors provide care and education for children. The private sector includes services such as, private day nurseries. A good example is a private day nursery, which offers care and education for children aged 0-5years. They are usually a privately owned company and ran as a business. This means they provide education for children at a price that parents or carers will have to pay. Tassoni, P (2011) states “a private school will charge full price for their education services” pg. 4. For the children that attend a private day nursery in my area, offer a safe, educational environment, where children will get all the attention and care that he or she needs. They prepare a range of activities throughout the day for the children, for instance: story or song time, show and tell, puzzles and games, computer time, arts and crafts, music and pre-reading activities. A way they can support children and their families is they have earlier starts and are open late, helping to work the day care around parents working hours of parents. They also prepare healthy, homemade and nutritious meals along with supplying snacks; therefore parents know their child is receiving a healthy, balanced diet. The children can socialise and make friends. Statutory sectors are funded by the government and are compulsory. It is a child’s right to an education; therefore it’s the government’s responsibility to make a range of primary schools available for children to attend in their area. Tassoni, P (2011) put forward that “the government is legally obliged to provide schools for children and to pay money to the local authority or in some cases directly to the school for their running” pg.4. This helps support parents by offering a free educational service for their children and offers an insight to their children’s daily routine, with regular parent’s evenings, in which a parent can attend for a 1:1 session with their child’s teacher, along with occasional P.T.A meetings; this helps parents meet other parents and families. Statutory services include primary, infant and high schools. They offer a chance of independence for children, a chance at making friends and developing social skills. After-school clubs are also available to children. A service under the voluntary sector is a service provided by volunteers and these volunteers do not get paid for the work they do. This sector covers mostly charities and any money made for the charity organisations come mainly from donations. One good example of a charity that cares for children and their families is the NSPCC. nspcc.org.uk states that “our aim is to show the best way to protect children and help them get over the effects of abuse.” The NSPCC services concentrate on seven important issues and groups of children most at risk, some of those are, children who suffer from neglect, children who are experiencing physical abuse in high-risk families, such as families with violent adults, alcohol and drug abuse and mental health issues and children, along with children who experience sexual abuse. This charity also provides advice and support for adults, along with protecting children, with trained people there to help.

Part 2-E3, E4, E5, C
There are a few different legislations in the UK that supports the rights of children. The Children’s Act 1989, this was introduced in 1991 in England and Wales and 1996 for Northern Ireland. Tassoni, P (2011) states that “the Act is especially well known for its stance that children’s welfare is of paramount importance.” pg.7. A few of the main aims of The Children’s Act 1989 are, OVERVIEW, (2011) “to achieve a better balance between protecting children and enabling parents to challenge state intervention, to encourage greater partnership between statutory authorities, parents and to promote...
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