Unemployment occurs when people are without work and actively seeking work. Africa is deeply affected with a high rate of unemployment especially among the youth. Africa is now having the most youthful population in the world with the youth covering close to between 60% and 70% of the continents population. This menace poses great threats to the strength and growth of Africa. Though unemployment is seen manifested all over the world, the case of Africa is very dilapidating to say the least.
Unemployment in Africa is manifested in seasonal layoffs (e.g., in agricultural jobs), technological changes in industry (particularly by increased automation), racial discrimination, lack of adequate skills by the worker, or fluctuations in the economy In a 2011 news story, Business Week reported, "More than 200 million people globally are out of work, a record high, as almost two-thirds of advanced economies and half of developing countries are experiencing a slowdown in employment growth". This is not very encouraging and therefore drastic measures must be instigated to curb this situation. The following table shows current unemployment rates in African countries; CountryUnemployment rate (%)Source date
Cape Verde 13.1 2010
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through self-directed learning In most developing countries, few children graduate from secondary school and many don’t even finish primary school. In Kenya, for example, only 50 percent of children complete class 8, and of those, less than half can comprehend a simple paragraph. But, according to annual Education for All reports, many kids drop out before finishing school....