Understand how to safeguard the wellbeing of children and young people
Understand the main legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people
Current legislation, guidelines, Policies and procedures UK Home Nation for safeguarding Children
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989
• Children’s rights to protection from abuse
• The right to express their views and be listened to
• The right to care
• Services for disabled children
• Services for children living away from home
Safeguarding children in England
The following is a list of current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for England: These guidelines are for those working within:
• Health sector
• Social services
• Training requirements for effective child protection
The protection of children act (1999)
This act is designed to set out the child protection duties of local authorities, it defines the term ‘significant harm’. The must have provision for children and their families, every local authority has a duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their own area who are in particular need.
Safeguarding children is more than simply protecting them from neglect and abuse, the policy Every Child Matters emphasises, about keeping children (young people) safe from accidents, bullying and crime actively promoting their welfare in a healthy and safe environment. Safeguarding role in different settings and services is important. Where permitted it allows children themselves regard the success of efforts to safeguard them. The Children Act 2004 introduced a statutory duty for a wide range of public services to safeguard children and promote their welfare.
Child protection is used to describe a set of guidelines/ rules usually government-run services designed to protect children and young people who are underage and to encourage family stability. These usually include foster care, adoption services, services aimed at supporting at-risk families so they can remain intact, and investigation of alleged child abuse. Local authorities have a duty to investigate if they are informed that a child lives, or is found in an area suffering or is likely to suffer. Enquiries should be made therefore services should work in partnership so that the correct information is collected and matters can be solved. It effects day to day work as safe working practices are required to be put into practice, which refer to adults workers working to protect children and to protect themselves from allegations of abuse. According to each guideline linked to child protection policy. A person within the setting should ensure safe practices are observed. All adults are required on the premises of the setting to undergo a criminal records bureau (CRB) check in order to work with children as they are considered vulnerable. If for any reason they have not received their check or disclosure they are not to be left alone with children/young people. This could cause stress for certain settings e.g. schools where a member of staff hasn’t received it would need a person to shadow them this can be stressful as it can interfere with the daily routine of the setting. It has been identified by policies, regulations at least two adults must be present at a setting, however many children there are. This applies even if there is one child left who is late being collected at least two staff should be present.
It is important for serious case reviews to be made when there generally considered that more could have been done to safeguard the individual(s); where expectations for the protection and safeguarding of children and young people may not have been met; and when lessons are to be learnt to improve practice. It is important because things can be missed out so staff members need to have professional skills and knowledge to be...