Childhood and Young People

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Unit 140
Outcome1 Understand the impact of current legislation that underpins the safeguarding of children and young people. 1.1 Outline the current legislation that underpins the safeguarding of children and young people within own UK Home Nation.

The legislation that safeguard children and young people are the Children Act, the act was created with a certain set of goals. Its primary purpose was to give boundaries and help for local authorities and/or other entities to better regulate official intervention in the interests of children. The Act also made changes to laws that pertain to children, notably on foster homes, adoption agencies, babysitting services, and the handling of child-related crimes and crimes against children. Working Together to Safeguard Children, the 2006 revised version of this document provides an update on safeguarding and a national framework to help agencies work individually and together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. The Children’s Rights that cover safeguarding are, children must not be separated from their parents unless it is in the best interests of the child (for example, in cases of abuse or neglect). A child must be given the chance to express their views when decisions about parental responsibilities are being made, every child has the right to stay in contact with both parents, unless this might harm them. Governments must do all they can to ensure that children are protected from all forms of violence, abuse, neglect and mistreatment by their parents or anyone else who looks after them. The All Wales Child Protection Procedures 2008 replace earlier jurisdiction and reflect recent significant changes in legislation. The new procedures combine the shared knowledge and experiences of Wales' 22 Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs) and reflect the changes required as a result of high-profile child protection reports like the Laming Report. The Vetting and Barring scheme was introduced in 2009 with the aim of preventing unsuitable people from working with children and vulnerable adults. A Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) check is a process for gathering information about someone’s criminal convictions and other cautions, reprimands and final warnings given by the Police. CSSIW Standards include adult:child ratio, suitable persons working, completed policies and risk assessments.

1.2 Evaluate how local and national guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day with children and young people.

It is important that anyone working with children should be able to recognise if a child is at risk of harm or in need because of their vulnerability. The earlier this is recognised the better the outcome for the child involved. Any childcare setting should have clear policies and procedures that cover all aspects of safeguarding. These should include health and safety, child protection, contact with children and performing personal care, outings and visitors to the setting. Risk assessments should be carried out to make sure that there are no safeguarding threats to the children in a setting. Some assessments needed for the premises are, are there entrances to the building that an unauthorised person could use? Could a child leave the building without anyone noticing? Child/adults ratios are there to protect both the children and adults, it’s to ensure the best possible care for the children and also so an adult is not left alone with children at any time.

1.3 Explain how the processes used by own work setting comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing.

We comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing by having password on our computers, shred information forms once no longer required, we will not pass on any contact details, for example if a parent has asked for details for birthday invites, we would give the friends names and pass the...
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