Mental disorders can be categorised into organic brain disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, personality disorders and psychotic disorders. Sub- topics:
1. Organic brain disorders
2. Mood and anxiety
4. Psychotic disorders
1. Organic brain disorders are the direct result of physical changes and diseases that affect the brain and is a major contributor of mental disorders. 2. Mood and anxiety arise due to dysfunctions of the brain that is not under conscious control and are the most common of mental disorders. 3. Subsequently, personality disorders are classified as mental disorders which result from the poor use coping skills. 4. The final category of mental disorders is psychotic disorders, which critically impact the brain and thinking processes.
Mental disorders have affected hundreds of millions of people worldwide. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition), ‘a mental disorder is any clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome’. It is also assumed to be the manifestation of a behavioral, psychological or biological dysfunction in the individual. The Ministry of Health of Trinidad and Tobago has affirmed that there are 10,617 registered patients suffering from some form of mental disorder. Mental disorders can be categorized into organic brain disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, personality disorders and psychotic disorders. Organic brain disorders are the direct result of physical changes and diseases that affect the brain and is a major contributor of mental disorders. They all lead to some degree of delusion, confusion, anxiety and anger. Examples of organic brain disorders include degenerative and alcohol and drug related diseases. Degenerative diseases like the huntington disease is genetic and causes abnormal movements, dementia and psychological problems. Alcohol and drug related...