Traumatic Brain Injury: Living with TBI and the effects on individual and caregivers
Traumatic Brain Injury is otherwise known as TBI. “Traumatic brain injury, a form of acquired brain injury, occurs when sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue” (NINDS, 2010). There are two main types of TBI, closed head injuries such as head hitting a windshield and penetrating head injuries such as a gunshot wound. As reported by the Global Neuroscience Initiative Foundation,” The severity of traumatic brain injuries is often assessed using the Glasgow Coma Scale, with scores ranging from 3 to 15. The higher the score, the more mild the injury is. TBIs can result in a variety of physical and cognitive symptoms including: movement difficulties, talking difficulties, seizures, brief to severe memory loss, and impairment of attention, planning, information processing, language, and even personality and mood changes (2008). This paper will discuss TBI, causes, and Traumatic Brain Injury: Living with TBI and the effects on individual and caregivers. Many cases of TBI never get documented due to the fact many individuals are treated and released from clinics and doctor’s offices. Traumatic Brain Injury is an injury that affects an estimated 1.7 million people per year. As reported by The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), “Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in the United States (CDC, n.d.). Of the 1.7 million people, 52,000 die, 275,000 are hospitalized, and 1.365 million or nearly 80% are treated and released from an emergency department. There is no estimates for the number of people with non-fatal TBI seen outside of an emergency department or hospital or who receives no care at all (CDC, 2010). Approximately 75% of the cases are concussions or other forms of mild TBI. Cost reported from the CDC state...
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