Running head: TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) The Silent Killer
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) The Silent Killer
A human brain weighs 3-pound (1.4-kilogram) and consistency is a mass of jelly-like fats and tissues. There are at least one trillion nerve cells working to coordinate the mental and physical, that which sets humans apart from other species. Thus by far making this one of the most complex anatomy. Photograph by Fred Hossler of Getty Images supplied by National Geographic
Thrill seeking has become exceedingly popular within the last two decades and, it seems that new ways to achieve that excitement are introduced everyday, a good indication why (TBI) is on the rise. However, we must be fair, just because there are more dare devils on this planet, this is not the only explanation for the escalating numbers in (TBI), many are caused by auto accidents, falls, assaults during muggings or robberies and combat due to war. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) (April 1, 2008) reports that 5.3 million Americans, approximately 2% of the United States population, currently have long-term if not lifelong needs in assistance to get through the day. Statistics are staggering when we look at the number of deaths due to (TBI). Approximately 50,000 people in the United States will die annually from the cause of a (TBI), that may have been prevented if treated and diagnosed properly. Are we prepared as a nation, family or medical community to contend with this ever-growing disease? Again, according to (CDC) Centers for Disease Control, in the United States alone the estimated direct and indirect medical costs in reduced productivity due to (TBI) totaled an estimated $60 billion in 2000 and the dollar amount continues to grow to this day. The CDC has been charged with supplying annual reports to Congress to show these numbers making it imperative to cause public awareness in the prevention of these incidents. The highest risk groups are ages 0-4 certainly for obvious reasons and that is because they are unaware of the dangers around them, we now take a look at the 15-19 age group that think they are infallible and are willing to take risks for the sake of having good times. Any parent of a teen knows the feeling of living with these dare devils. Then there are two other groups that are at a higher risk of receiving a (TBI), one is the military even with the necessary training the numbers continue to climb. Which leads us to a group in need of our attention and that is the African Americans who have the highest death rate from (TBI). This group sustains more gun shot wounds to the head that mostly result in death, but also result in the need for continuous care for the rest of their lives. The brain is a complex structure with so many cells networking to keep this machinery called our bodies working, when injured, can be the cause of countless problems according to American Health Line (2009) such as; cognitive deficits, speech and language difficulties, sensory, perceptual, vision, hearing, smell, taste, seizures, physical changes, along with social and emotional difficulty. According to Epidural Hematoma from Wikipedia (2009), in a recent notable case, Natasha Richardson an English actress sustained a head injury while learning to ski. Ms Richardson seemed to be fine shortly following the incident and refuse medical treatment. Shortly thereafter, she was taken to a hospital after complaining of a headache seven hours after the fall. Ms. Richardson was later taken to a Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City where she died the following day. An autopsy disclosed the death was the result of a, epidural hematoma” a type of (TBI) caused by a blunt trauma to the head. This particular type of (TBI) occurs, because formation of blood occurs in the middle of the Dura mater (the tough outer membrane of the central nervous system) and the skull. Due to the trauma, the condition became deadly as in the case of Natasha...
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