Traffic Management

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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
With the increase in urbanization, many cities around the world are experiencing a very rapid growth in the number of vehicles which lead to serious traffic congestion problems. This places a greater demand on operating roadway systems with maximum efficiency. One major factor that affects the traffic flow is the management of the traffic at road intersections. Hence a good traffic management system is needed to maximize the efficiency of the traffic flow. “Traffic Signal” mainly controls the traffic at various junctions. This is specialized software designed to control heavy traffic very easily by changing the lights at regular intervals. The project “Traffic Signal Management” facilitates easy control of heavy traffic which uses three lights Red, Yellow and Green. The lights used to indicate the signaling. A flashing RED light indicates STOP. YELLOW indicates BE READY and lastly GREEN indicates GO. Lights changes automatically at regular intervals of time. This task is done by using separate variables for each light. Firstly, RED light appears for 21 seconds i.e. it appears from count equal to 25 to 3. Next when count becomes 3 RED automatically changes to YELLOW and it glows for 4 seconds i.e. up to count becomes 0.When count becomes 0,light changes automatically to GREEN and it glows for 25 seconds. This process is continued for easy flow of traffic. The main asset of the project is to avoid any sort of Accidents. The ever increasing number of vehicles in most metropolitan cities around the world and the limitation in altering the transportation infrastructure, led to serious traffic congestion and an increase in the travelling time. In this work we exploit the emergence of novel technologies such as the internet, to design an intelligent Traffic Management System (TMS) that can remotely monitor and control a network of traffic light controllers located at different sites.                           

 
1.1OBJECTIVE

The ever increasing number of vehicles in most metropolitan cities around the world and the limitation in altering the transportation infrastructure, led to serious traffic congestion and an increase in the travelling time. In this work we exploit the emergence of novel technologies such as the internet, to design an intelligent Traffic Management System (TMS) that can remotely monitor and control a network of traffic light controllers located at different sites. Traffic Signal Management is the design of a traffic signal which controls the traffic. The project “Traffic Signal Management” facilitates easy control of heavy traffic which uses three lights :Red, Yellow and Green .The lights used to indicate the signaling. A flashing RED light indicates STOP. YELLOW indicates BE READY and lastly GREEN indicates GO . With the increase in urbanization, many cities around the world are experiencing a very rapid growth in the number of vehicles which lead to serious traffic congestion problems. This places a greater demand on operating roadway systems with maximum efficiency. One major factor that affects the traffic flow is the management of the traffic at road intersections. Hence a good traffic management system is needed to maximize the efficiency of the traffic flow. In traditional TMS, each intersection is controlled by its own controller which sends signals to the intersection’s traffic lights for changing their states.

1.2 SCOPE
The scope of our project is to find out the available technologies an there drawbacks and to utilize the emerging to design a Smart traffic management system that can remotely control and monitor the traffic at various intersections simultaneously. Traffic management is the planning, monitoring and control or influencing of traffic. It aims to: • Maximize the effectiveness of the use of existing infrastructure; • Ensure reliable and safe operation of transport;

• Address environmental goals.
• Ensure fair allocation of infrastructure...
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