Traffic Congestion in Urban Area

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TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN URBAN AREA
(A CASE STUDY OF ILESA ROUNDABOUT)

BY
OYELAMI MARTINS KAYODE
MATRIC NO 06 / CEH/ 0116

THE DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
OSUN STATE POLYTECHNIC, IREE, OSUN STATE.

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF HIGHER NATIONAL DIPLOMA (HND) IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

JULY 2009

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

First and foremost, my special gratitude goes to God Almighty, The Alpha and the omega, The unchangeable changer, The king of kings, The Lord of lords, The omnipotent, The Omniscience, The tribe of the Lion of Judah, The Lilly of the valley, Jehovah Nissi and Jehovah Sammah for giving me the strength, wisdom, protection, knowledge and understanding and the enablement to start and finish my HND programme successfully. My sincere appreciation also goes to my loving parents Chief and Mrs J. O Oyelami for their love, care and inestimable support both spiritually, morally and financially towards the success of this project.

In a special way, my gratitude goes to all my siblings for their support Mrs. Olubunmi Adewole, Mr. Femi Oyelami, Mrs Kemi Oladipo, Mr Simeon Oyelami, Julianah Oyelami, Christianah Oyelami, Margaret Oyelami and Florence Oyelami. May God bless you all in Jesus name. I cannot do without acknowledging and appreciating the supportive roles played by my only soul mate in person of Miss Bola Olanipekun throughout the preparation of the work. Also my kudos to all the HND II civil Engineering Students 2006/ 2007 Academic session and all of my friends like Odewabi John, David Adekunle, Adeleke kehinde, Adegbite Sunday as well as every member of Winners hall Iree. I love you all Finally, my special thanks to my supervisor Engr, IGE O.A for his love, support and monitoring towards the success of the project. Thank you and God bless.

CERTIFICATION

This is to certify that this project work was carried out by OYELAMI MARTINS KAYODE, MATRIC NO: 06./CEH/0116 and was approved as meeting the Higher National Diploma (HND) in civil engineering department, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree Osun State, Nigeria.

____________________
ENGR. IGE A.O.DATE`
SUPERVISOR

Head Of Department (H.O.D) DATE
ENGR. IGE A.O.

DEDICATION

This project is dedicated to God Almighty the Author and the Finisher of my faith and also to my Parents and my friends.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title pagei
Acknowledgementii
Certificationiii
Dedicationiv
Table of contentsv
Abstractvi

CHAPTER ONE
1.0Introduction1
1.1Aim and objectives1
1.2Definition of some terms2

CHAPTER TWO
2.0Literature review3
2.1Traffic engineering definition3
2.2Traffic engineering Practice3
2.3Scope of work4
2.4Traffic studies and analysis5
2.5Highway Traffic capacities6
2.6Geometric design of Highway7
2.7Highway Maintenance9-10
2.8Roadway condition 11-13

CHAPTER THREE
3.0Research Methodology 14
3.1Methods of collecting data.15

CHAPTER FOUR
4. Data Analysis and calculation 16-27

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0Conclusion and Recommendation28
5.1Recommendations28
Reference
Appendix

ABSTRACT
Traffic congestion is a great problem in urban areas because of its effects to the road users such as wasting of time, wasting of fuel, causing of accident/conflict, adverse effect on the economy and lost of lives. The traffic congestion of Ilesa roundabout was studied especially from the three routes that lead to the roundabout that is, routes A, B and C. Traffic count was carried out on the three routes from Monday to Friday each day and Average daily Traffic (ADT) and Peak Hourly Traffic Volume (PHT) were estimated using traffic signal design conversion factor (The Ministry of...
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