AHMED DOKO IBRAHIM
CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT
KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS
Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEM & MINERALS
DHAHRAN 31261, SAUDI ARABIA
DEANSHIP OF GRADUATE STUDIES
This thesis, written by AHMED DOKO IBRAHIM under the direction of his Thesis Committee, and approved by all the members, has been presented to and accepted by the Dean, College of Graduate Studies, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT.
Thesis Advisor (Dr. Ali A. Shash)
Member (Prof. Osama Jannadi)
Member (Prof. Sadi Assaf)
Dr. Soliman Almohawis
Prof. Osama A. Jannadi
Dean, College of Graduate Studies
In the Name of Allah, the most Gracious, the most Merciful.
“So verily, with every difficulty, there is relief. Verily, with every difficulty, there is relief. Therefore, when you are free from your immediate task, still labor hard (for another). And to your lord, turn (all) your attention” Qur’an 94: 5-8.
“This thesis is dedicated to the memory of my late beloved father (May Allah grant him eternal rest, Aameen), and to my affectionate mother”
I am grateful to Allah for His guidance and protection throughout the course of this study, and for making the study a reality.
Acknowledgement is due to King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals for support of this research.
I wish to express my appreciation to Professor Ali A. Shash who served as my major advisor and for his time and interest in providing any needed direction, in spite of his tight schedules, throughout the course of the study. I also wish to thank the other members of my thesis committee, Prof. Sadi Assaf and Prof. Osama Jannadi for their valuable guidance and co-operation in completing this work. I am particularly indebted to Prof. Assaf for the academic and research induction provided throughout the course of my study.
I am also grateful to the firms that participated in the survey and the ones that provided other forms of data. Their efforts were very valuable to the successful completion of this study.
I would also like to extend my gratitude to the Chairman, all the Professors and the Secretary of the Construction Engineering & Management Department for all the support granted to me throughout my program. I am equally grateful for the friendly interaction with the other colleagues in the department. I also wish to extend my appreciation to the entire Nigerian community in and around KFUPM for all the moral support and for the homely treatment that I received throughout the course of my program.
I am most indebted to all my brothers, especially Dr. H.D. Ibrahim and Muhammad A. Yanda & their families, and to all my sisters for their special encouragement, prayers and moral support. I am equally grateful for the understanding, patience and prayers provided by Farida and her family. I pray that Allah reward you all abundantly.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
table of contentsv
list of tablesix
list of figuresx
1.1Statement of the problem4
1.2Objectives of the Study7
1.3Significance of the Study7
1.4Scope and Limitation8
2.1Origins of construction costs10