Traffic Congestion in Sri Lanka

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Traffic Congestion

The Problem, Causes,

Implications and Recommendations

(17th September 2010)

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By : Black Business Consulting Group

To : Colombo Traffic Board

CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY3

1. Introduction4

2. Discussion5

2.1 Analysis of the Current Situation5

2.2 Gap Analysis5

2.3 SWOT Analysis6

2.4 Implications of Traffic Congestion7

2.5 Steps Taken by the Government8

3 Benchmarking9

3.1What is Congestion Pricing?9

3.2How this will Improve Traffic Movement in Colombo........................................................10

4 Action Plans.....................................................................................................................................10

4.1 Short-Term Measures12

4.2 Long Term Strategies14

5 Conclusion.......................................................................................................................................14

6. Recommendations ........................................................................................................................15

7. References .....................................................................................................................................16

Executive Summary

The purpose of this report is to analyse the traffic problem in the Colombo city and to identify the causes of the problem and offer recommendations in improving the traffic system in order to have an effective traffic management in Sri Lanka.

In this, the reason for traffic congestion and draw backs of the current system has been identified. A SWOT analysis has been done on the traffic board in order to assess the compatibility of the proposed system.

The city of London in England has being selected as the benchmarking country due to its excellent traffic management and transport system.

The report provides short term and long term recommendations for the implementation of the most effective system which will help to reduce the Traffic congestion currently experienced in the city of Colombo.

1. Introduction

Roads are extremely important for the large majority of Sri Lanka’s people who live in the villages - some 65 percent of the country’s population. They are often the only way for most rural people to reach essential services such as hospitals, schools, markets, and banks, which are mostly situated far from their villages.

Although Sri Lanka enjoys a higher road density than in many developing countries, the conditions and standards of the roads are inadequate to meet rapidly growing freight and passenger traffic. More than 50% of the national roads have poor or very poor surface condition and many are seriously congested. In spite of the substantial increase in traffic volume there have been insufficient investments for construction of new highways or widening and improving existing roads. Over the past decade the investment in the road sector has been mainly concentrated on the rehabilitation of the existing road network.

Traffic congestion is the build up of traffic preventing efficient movement and it is one of the most significant problems faced in modern cities today. In every developed city all over the world, it is a common site that vehicles queued up for hours during the rush hour periods. This wastes valuable time of the public, burns fuel unnecessarily, pollutes the environment and by all these effects a country’s development.

2. Discussion

1. Analysis of the current situation

In Sri Lanka, all economic, administrative and commercial functions are concentrated in Colombo. Furthermore Colombo is easily the largest city in the country and is offering better education and health facilities for the citizens. Furthermore it’s political and commercial significance results in a greater attraction of...
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