Tourism Management

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Table of Contents
Introduction1
Types of Tourism1
Tourism Industry2
Management2
Planning……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3 Leading…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….….3

Organizing ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…...3

Controlling……..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..4

Other Aspect ………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………........4

Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..5

References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6

Introduction:

The largest service industry in India which contributes 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment is tourism. In India this industry generates more than US $100 billion and is expected to increase in the coming years. People go to faraway lands to have a look at great architectural buildings, to learn new languages, to see works of art, to experience different cultures and enjoy different cuisines.

The purpose of travelling for recreation, leisure or business is termed as tourism. When a person goes to a place far away from his usual place of stay or surrounding and the person is said to be on tour.

Tourism can be classified into three forms according to the United Nations; they are,

• Domestic tourism – which involves residents of a given country travelling within the same country.

• Inbound tourism – which involves non-residents travelling in a given country.

• Outbound tourism – which involves residents of a given country travelling in another country.

Types of Tourism:

Tourism can be of different types depending on the purpose of travel. To name a few, Leisure tourism, Winter tourism, Mass tourism, Cultural tourism, Eco tourism, LGBT tourism, Medical tourism, Nautical tourism, Religious tourism, Space tourism, Wildlife tourism, War tourism, Dark tourism, Metaphysical tourism, Recession tourism, Educational tourism, Creative tourism, Doom tourism, Heritage tourism, Hobby tourism and so on.

Tourism Industry:

The government’s effort to promote the concept “Incredible India” through its advertisements has made India’s tourism industry grow in leaps and bounds. Because of the various campaigns by the government, India is turning into a major destination globally and is considered as the most profitable industry in the country. The economic growth is one of the reasons for the prosperity of travel and tourism. The middle class is the major group that has headed the domestic tourism growth.

The ever growing IT and outsourcing industry has made it possible for the foreigners to make frequent business trips to India. Various specialised treatments are available in India at a reasonable cost and this has made the medical tourism, which is one of the most important types of tourism in India flourish.

Management:

Tourism is one among the world’s largest industry and is growing day by day. Almost every person these days is interested in travelling or at least a small vacation once a year to de-stress after their tough schedule throughout the year. Hence the opportunities are endless for companies within this industry and management plays a vital role.

A systematic arrangement of people should be brought together in this industry to accomplish tasks and purposes and the key managerial functions of planning, organising, leading and controlling of a manager is to do so. Managers exit in every business arena. His job as a manager is similar to every field of work whether it may be in a factory, a saloon or a tourism company. To plan, organise, lead and control are the main areas in reaching the vision of management. Each of these is vital and is dependent on the others. Each of these functions cannot work without the other.

Planning:

The first and foremost function of management is to plan. And it is for the manager to assess what the actual...
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