Topics in Cultural Studies

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RUNNING HEAD: INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES

AIU
HUMA215-1204A-19
TOPICS IN CULTURAL STUDIES
INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES
UNIT 1 IP
JEFFREY HANCOCK

IINTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES

Abstract When comparing and contrasting the cultures of Greek and Roman civilization, there are many noted similarities and differences. This paper will focus on a few of the prominent features and attempt to define the differences, while noting the similarities.

INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES

Compare and contrast distinguishing elements and features of early Greek and Roman cultures, to include: * Government
* Geographical Terrain
* Economic and Trade practices
* Art and Architecture
* Philosophical and Religious beliefs

What is fact is that both countries are Mediterranean countries, with Roman culture copying much of the Greek culture. But in retrospect, both have proven to be decidedly different. Let us explore the similarities and the differences they hold. Let’s begin with Architecture: The Pantheon located in Rome, Italy The Parthenon located in Greece

INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES

Both cultures used three different columns in temple building, referred to as: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Of these three, the “Doric” style column consisted of thick composition with very little decoration or grandeur. The “Ionic” style column was thinner, with slightly more ornate features. The “Corinthian” style column is a highly ornate column that was decorated at the top and bottom with intricate designs and artwork. The Greek culture had a tendency to favor the less ornate “Doric” column in many of its buildings and temples. The “Parthenon” is a good example of “Doric” style columns. This temple was built to honor the goddess Athena. Roman architecture preferred to use the “Corinthian” style of columns when erecting their temples. A good example of this can be found in the “Parthenon”. The Parthenon was erected in Greece, while the Pantheon is located in Rome, Italy.

Greek culture used marble and granite in the construction of their temples and buildings, while the Romans, who had perfected the use of the arch, were able to use lessor materials when constructing their temples. This style of architecture allowed them to add decorative effects, but the most important feature was the strength that the arch displayed, which proved to be a huge bonus when used in the construction of the “Aquaduct”. The aquaduct was a series of “trough” like passageways that delivered much needed water to Rome. Greek style of architecture relied heavily on the “Post and Lintel System”, which consisted of two beams designed to hold up a third beam. Although this style was structurally dependable, it lacked the strength of the arch system.

INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES

Art

Greek: Venus de Milo Roman: Personification of a Roma In a Medallion

Greek art was considered to be “Superior” to Roman art. While the goal of Roman artists was to produce realistic portraits for decoration, the Greek artists were extremely poignant on designs that produced ideal artistic form. The “Venus de Milo” is a classic example of Greek sculpture art, while a good example of Roman art can be found in Mosaic or wall painting, referred to as “fresco”. Both styles of art can be found in many museums around the world, and is the basic art styles practiced by many artists today. INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES

Economics
The economic system used by both cultures was...
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