CLASS – VIII
Q1Read the newspaper article and answer the questions that follow:
Ban is the correct move
10 Feb 2009, Vikram Sinha
The move by the central government to finally
introduce an amendment to the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, prohibiting the use of cell phones while driving, has materialized. It also ensures that there are no loopholes left in the law by including hands-free sets in the ban . Doubtless, there will be those who claim that such devices are safe since they free both hands for driving. It is a false claim.
There is an assumption that it is the physical hindrance caused by conversing on the phone while driving that is the main safety hazard. Rather, the issue is the mental distraction of the driver. The US is pushing all its states to implement a similar ban. For evidence, it cites several studies, such as one by the university of Utah, which prove that using hands-free devices is as dangerous as speaking on cell phone without them.
Another study cited by the report establishes why this so. It states that conversing with a fellow passenger is not dangerous and many instead lead to greater safety. The reason for this is simple enough .a co-passenger is likely to keep an eye on the road, adjust or stop danger. A person at the other end of a phone connection cannot do this. The conservation will remain unchanged, demanding the driver’s attention and lessening his focus on the road at the moment when he might need it the most.
The introduction of such a specific law in India is long overdue. And now that one is finally being introduced, the Ministry of Road Transport and highways is taking the correct step by being thorough. [ source: TOI 10 Feb,2009]
2.1 ‘It is a false claim’ ( para 1). What is the false claim? The claim that
A. the amendment is finally being introduced
B. co-drivers can help a driver avoid accidents
C. all cell phones can create distractions for drivers
D. hand- free phones can be safely used when driving
2.2. What is the usual assumption of people?
A. Conversing on a cellphone causes maximum accidents.
B. Using a phone while driving does not cause any difficulty C. Mental distractions are more harmful than physical distractions. D. These bans should only be implemented in US.
2.3 According to the passage, in what way is the driver talking to a co-passenger less risky as compared to talking on phone? A. Talking to a co-passenger increases the concentration of the driver. B. Talking to a co-passenger keeps a driver awake in long drives. C. Co- passengers will stop the conversation and warn the driver of danger. D. Co-passengers can answer the phone calls
2.4 ‘The US is pushing all its states to implement a similar ban’ Here ‘similar ban’ refers to
A. Use of cell phones while driving
B. Talking to co- passengers while driving
C. Use of both cell-phones and hands- free devices while driving D. None of the above
2.5. Choose the word from the passage that means the same as “ strictly not allowed” A. prohibited B. implemented C. hindrance D. loopholes
Q2 Prepare a book review on the class library / school library book you have read based on the following points:
1) Name of the book 2) About the author 3) Judgement 4) Summary
Q1. State the importance of water.
Q2. Why is the frequency of irrigation higher in summer?
Q3. What is irrigation? Describe two methods of irrigation which conserve water. Q4. Write a paragraph in your own words on each of the following a) Preparation of soil.