The third druk gyalpo was born on may 2,1928 at thruepang palace near the trongsa dzong.in his early education included study of hindi,English languages and the Buddhist literature. he started the training at his father’s royal court early learning through the instruction from his father and court officials, the tradition and driglam namzha. In 1943,at the age of 14, he was awarded the post trongsa droenyer the red scarf.the prince went to kalimpong and then to great britian for further studies.his father his majesty jigme wangchuck deeply thought of giving the future king a broader education. After arriving back to bumthang ,jigme dorji wangchuck was appointed paro poenlop at the age of 17.in 1952 ,he married azhi kezang chedon and princess choeying wangmo dorji Gongzim sonam tobgye dorji
Gongzim ugyen dorji
Azhi kezang choedon,gongzim palden dorji
Ugyen dorji who served as he gyadrung to trongs poenlop was later promoted to gongzim when ugyen wangchuck assumed the throne.sonam tobgye dorji took the post of gongzim in the rein of 2nd king Jigme wangchuck.sonam tobgye dorji’s son palden dorji took the post after the death of his father. In 1952 the 2nd king passed away leaving the throne to jigme dorji wangchuck. Jigme dori wangchuck was by then well trained and educated by his father and was ready to take the throne.his majesty had a aim of making a organized government and to preserve Bhutan’s rich culture and tradition. His majesty assumed the position of head o state and government (the commander in chief and the ultimate court of appeal). The king after receiving the scarves of kingship from the sacred shrine of zhabdrung participated in three day ceremony in paro. Massive crowd gathered including the British official and choegyal of Sikkim.the capital was moved to thimphu and had become the permanent national capital and built his palace at kazhinag,dechencholing. Social Reforms
removal of slavery and serfdom
he had put in lots of effort to abolish the practice of seftdom and slavery which had been in country since he 17th century.the things done by his majesty to implement his idea were: 1.brought down the land ceiling to maximum of 30 acres and rest of the land were given to he landless. 2.reduced land taxes and granted tax exemption to the poorer people. 3.gave freedom to the slaves to leave their master and were granted land when willed to settle in areas away from their old gewog. Serfs all around the country gathered at the dechencholing palace for the land to be grantet.thousand from punakha ,wangdue phodrang and paro settled in thmphu as a full fledged tax paying citizen. the king had succesfull managed the revolutionary change in th e country without any social serious conflicts constitional reform
the king had been unique in the history of bhutans was bold enough to transform the feudal absolute monarchy of Bhutan into a modern and enlightened one. Tshogdu NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
The first constitutional reform was initiation of the tshodgu in 1953.IT was the highest legislative body in the kingdom and it convened twice a year.this was mainly aimed at creating poitical awareness among the peole. The main function of the legislative body was to advise th excutive branch (the chief or the head/eg,lyonpo) of the government in addition to the legislative role. It enact or implement law and discussed the royal government of it views.to approve all senior appointments made by executive .the members enjoyed complete freedom of speech. Compositon.
In 1953, The national assembly started with a total of 130 officials which increased to 150 in 1968.it included the elected representatives of the people, the monastic order and official nominees.the peoples representatives were selected by indirect method based on the population,the monastic nominees were selected by the various monk bodies and official nominees were selected by the king among senior civil and...