Ap Euro Seminar

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Michael Vazquez
AP European
Period 3
Presented: October 22, 2010

Seminar Topic:
“Phillip 2 of Spain (15556-1598) built the Escorial and Louis XIV of France (1643-1715) built the Versailles. Starting with the pictures of theses palaces, below and on the next page, analyze the similarities & differences in the conception and the practices of monarchy of these two kings.” 1988 Question #3

Thesis Paragraph:
King Philip II of Spain & King Louis XIV both believed in “Absolute Monarchy” which also means that they had “Divine Right. They were devoted Catholics which showed the palaces they built by the buildings, architecture, and the art. King Louis XIV was a king that wanted to expand his empire and gain power, The Versailles was vast in size which represented his belief and desire for power. King Philip II was more of a religious king that based his ruling on religion and The Escorial, was also big but represented more religion aspects in life that are shown in the buildings and the paintings.

Main Points:
* Phillip II of Spain
* Monarchy
* Escorial Palace
* Louis XIV of France
* Absolute Monarchy
* Versailles Château
3. Similarities & Differences
* Practice of monarchy/ruling/monarchy

I. Phillip II Of Spain “The Paper King” (1556-1598)

I. Monarchy
i. King Philip II was named the paper king because he always read over what he signed and worked on literature. ii. King Phillip II was an absolute ruler
iii. His main plan was to conquer land and spread Catholicism. * Focused on spreading Catholicism which led to a decrease in power. iv. King Philip fought in many wars which was shown in the Escorial’s vast territory, such as the most major one against Queen Elizabeth of England in 1586 but lost. v. Main focus was politics & to ensure absolute power, he centralized all royal power. vi. Philip's foreign policy went from grand successes, from defeating the Turks at Lepanto, to humiliating defeats in 1588 like the collapse of the Spanish Armada. vii. Spain was rice wealthy country due to trade routes from the Americas. They main import was silver from the silver mines in Latin America. Also, Latin America later realized that the resources they had in their countries were going away and it was better to keep them to use in the country. This made them become independent from Spain which caused Spain’s economy to decrease. viii. Trade routes were possible by the Spanish armada. ix. During his reign, he made Spain’s economy go into bankrupt * Phillip II inherited, what was a very wealthy land (Spain) * Most of Phillips land was “self-governed”

* Philip relied on taxes also called “Three Graces” * 1561 the servicio tax; which was a regular tax. * 1567 the excusado
* 1567 the crusada tax
* Taxes weren’t enough and by 1598 Philip II was bankrupt

x. Philip believed he had two duties in life:
* To expand the Spanish Empire
* Promote Catholicism in all Spanish provinces

II. Escorial Palace
xi. The Escorial was built as a favor to Philip II’s father after his death, xii. Palace was a monument for the Spanish victory against the French in the battle of Saint Quentin. xiii. The Escorial was a:

* Palace
* Monastery
* Papal Seat
* Library
* Mausoleum
xiv. The Escorial’s architecture had a renaissance design. xv. The Escorial Palace was filled with religious painting which represented his devotion of being catholic.

2. Louis XIV of France “The sun king”
I. “Absolute” Monarchy
i. Louis XIV foreign policy was,"L'Etat, c'est moi."  (I am the state.) It meant that he...
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