Theory of Architecture

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Bulacan State University College of Architecture & Fine Arts City of Malolos

TOA 123

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2nd Semester AY 2009‐2010

Arch. Godesil G. Lejarde
Instructor
TOA 123 Theory of Architecture 2
Arch. GGLejarde

Contents

Module 1Basic Principles of Design Module 2Stages in Designing Module 3Planning Basics Module 4Architectural Theories and Theorists
Module 5Architectural Perception
Module 6Architectural Concerns
Module 7Conceptualization Techniques in Architectural Design

Bulacan State University College of Architecture & Fine Artspage 1 2nd Semester AY 2009 – 2010
TOA 123 Theory of Architecture 2
Arch. GGLejarde

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DESIGN

oDesign is simply the activity of generating proposals that change something that already exists into something that is better; it include the most purposeful changes to the physical environment; oAll environments are designed: in a sense that they embody human decisions and choices and specific ways of doing things oDesign happens whenever activities change the face of the earth and create built environments. oTwo types of environment: natural environment and built environment

oGENERAL CATEGORIES BY WHICH CONCERNS AND ISSUES MAY BE ADDRESSED IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: 1. Functional Zoning – the need for adjacency
2. Architectural Space – a concretization of man’s existential space •Space is the most influential aspect of design problem solving. •The designer must know what activities, conditions and people he is planning for. 3. Circulation and Building Form – Circulation may be conceived as the perceptual thread that links the spaces of a building or any series of interior or exterior spaces together. Building forms are conceived as structures. 4. Response to Context – depending on the environment and the meaning of the structure in that environment.

5. Building Envelope – the imaginary shape of a building indicating its maximum volume. -used to check the plan and setback with respect to zoning regulations.

oCreativity, which is the process of generating new ideas, is an essential tool in design. oTHREE ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS IN DEVELOPING CREATIVITY
1. IDEATION – the mental process which gives the ability to think or ideate 2. IDEA QUANTITY – the capacity to produce the largest number of ideas per unit of time 3. IMAGINEERING – the process of letting imagination soar and then engineering it back to reality

Bulacan State University College of Architecture & Fine Artspage 2 2nd Semester AY 2009 – 2010
TOA 123 Theory of Architecture 2
Arch. GGLejarde

[pic]

1. DESIGN ANALYSIS
The stage in which we identify the PROBLEM in order to come up with ideas to solve it. •Creativity needs a positive attitude. Ideas should not be dismissed too quickly. They should first be articulated, added on or discussed with another person or group so that they can be further developed.

2. TENTATIVE SOLUTIONS
CREATIVE PROBLEM‐SOLVING TECHNIQUES
a. ALPHABETICAL LISTING ‐ begins with listing all the letters of the alphabet. Then for each letter, list a word or phrase that begins with that letter and pertains to the problem you are attempting to solve or a potential solution to it. b. FUNCTIONAL VISUALIZATION ‐ thinking about what function the object will perform instead of thinking how it will look like. c.MORPHOLOGICAL SYNTHESIS ‐ making a list in a more direct...
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