History of Modern Architecture

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HISTORY OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE
NAME:
ARCHITECTURE 310 TEST #2

THE FOLLOWING ESSAY QUESTIONS ARE DUE AT THE BEGINNING OF CLASS April 18th, 2013, AFTER THE SLIDE I.D.

1.DISCUSS SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN GROPIUS’S BAUHAUS SCHOOL AND AALTO’S PAIMIO SANATORIUM

BAUHAUS PAIMIO SANATORIUM
A.
Bauhaus
- Use rectangle shape to divide the area for different function.

Paimio Sanatorium
- Different angle to separate different areas like doctors’ wing and lounge for different function.

B.

Bauhaus
- Use steel, concrete and glass without any old style design. No old style design in Bauhaus building

Paimio Sanatorium
- Employ classical orders like arch or column. Same as Paimo Sanatorium

C.
Bauhaus
- Not many landscape design for Bauhaus to have design.

Paimio Sanatorium
-Has designed landscape so, the sick people can enjoy seeing trees and grass while they are outside.

D.
Bauhaus
-open roof terrace in the building t

Paimio Sanatorium

ARCHITECTURE 310 TEST #2
PAGE 2

2. DISCUSS FOUR OF CORBUSIER’S PRINCIPLES OF NEW ARCHITECTURE AND THEIR USE IN THE VILLA SAVOYE AND IN ANOTHER PRE-1929 CORBUSIER BUILDING.

VILLA SAVOYEOTHER BUILDING
A.

VILLA SAVOYE
- Free floor plan where there is no loading wall in the inner building or cutting the building. That makes building looks aesthetic.

OTHER BUILDING
- A studio space where the space is more open… No loading wall.

B.
VILLA SAVOYE
-Functional roof that can grow a garden.

OTHER BUILDING
- Maison Cook has functional roof in the building where people can stay and hang out.

C.

VILLA SAVOYE
-The light equally shines the room from the horizontal long windows on the second floor.

OTHER BUILDING
- In Maison La Roche building, he also uses the horizontal long window.

D.

VILLA SAVOYE
- On the first floor, the main body of the building is carves inside so, that makes the garden of house bigger.

OTHER BUILDING
- Left side of Villa Stein building is carves into the building for more outside space.

ARCHITECTURE 310 TEST #2
PAGE 3

3DISCUSS DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PRE-1918 WORK OF FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, THAT CONTRASTS FROM FOUR OF HIS LATER PROJECTS (AFTER 1918).

PRE-1918 BUILDINGPost 1918 building
a.
PRE-1918 BUILDING
- High windows and hide from the entrances for privacy.

Post 1918 building
- Low French window and the entrance is noticeable.

b.
PRE-1918 BUILDING
The roof from Winslow house is overhanging roof with deep caves.

Post 1918 building
Frank Wright didn’t use overhanging roof in Ennis house but he use a cleaner roof that suitable to the building.

c.
PRE-1918 BUILDING
- Giving a spacious space for inside of the house by not having a major wall that is blocking room.

Post 1918 building
- Use walls to divide space of the house to make it more methodical.

d.
PRE-1918 BUILDING
- The style in Coonley house is long and flat in a horizontal side.

Post 1918 building
- The style in Freeman House is not long but the building is tall.

ARCHITECTURE 310 TEST #2
PAGE 4

4Discuss two projects from the chapter “Modernism in America after World War 2”

A.First building
- Lake Shore Drive Apartment has a theme of the rectangular prism, 26 stories high and were the same in plan and size. The towers were linked at the lower levels by hovering steel overhangs, and the transparent lobbies with nice views of the Lake were decorating with polished steel and marble.

b.Second building.
- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, New York use rust- color bronze, amber-gray glass, travertine and polished green marble materials for the skyscraper.

c.Compare and contrast

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