Theories: Psychotherapy and Core Conditions

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RELEVANCE THEORIES TO COUNSELLING FIELD HAVE BEEN PERCEIVED AS BEING NOT EFFECTIVE IN THE AFRICAN CONTEXT. DISCUSS (25)

INTRODUCTION

Counselling is a process that focuses on enhancing the psychological well-being of the client, such that the client is then able to reach their full potential. This is achieved by the counsellor facilitating your personal growth, development, and self-understanding, which in turn empowers you to adopt more constructive life practices.

Counselling may be helpful in a number of ways. It can enable you to develop a clearer understanding of your concerns and help you acquire new skills to better manage personal and educational issues. The counsellor can offer a different perspective and help you think of creative solutions to problems. Sharing your thoughts and feelings with someone not personally involved in your life can be most helpful. The counsellor plays certain roles in making the counselling process to be effective by employ different counselling theories for example ( client-centred, holistic health, strength based, cognitive, solution focused and existential theory among others.

According to Carl Rogers: “This type of humanistic counselling deals with the ways in which people perceive themselves consciously rather than having a counsellor try to interpret unconscious thoughts or ideas. There are many different components and tools used in person-centered counselling, including active listening, genuineness, paraphrasing, and more. The real point is that the client already has the answers to the problems and the job of the counsellor is to listen without making any judgements, without giving advice, and simply help the client feel accepted and understand their own feelings.” In Client Centred (Rogerian) counselling, the counsellor provides the growth-promoting climate and the client is then free and able to discover and grow as she / he wants and needs to. Prevailing characteristics of the session are active...
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