The Usefulness of Sisp Methodologies in Dealing with Current Developments in It

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COM519 – Information Systems Strategic Planning
Discussion Paper

Prepared by: Chris Brennan (B00448232)

Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement of the BSc Hons Information and Communication Technologies course 14/10/2012

Summary/Abstract
In today’s economy Information Systems Planning has materialised as an important component of the overall planning process. Given the increasingly rapid pace of developments in IT, the traditional approach to Information Systems Planning is not adequate. Analysis and evaluation of six methodologies has concluded that a new approach is needed for Information Systems Planning. The need for this is greater than ever because the function of IT to organisations strategic actions is considered to be one of the most effective ways to better business performance. This paper evaluates theoretical concepts and current developments and so recognises the importance of managing information assets, in all formats within an Information Systems Planning context. This paper also addresses the extent to which information systems planning can help an organisation improve their investment in information systems.

Contents
Summary/Abstract2
1.0Introduction to Strategic Planning4
1.1 Background4
2.0Planning5
2.1 Theoretical Concepts5
2.2 Analysis7
4.0 Evaluation of IS planning and concluding remarks8
5.0 References19
6.0Bibliography20

Appendices:
Figure 1 - Information System Strategy Triangle10
Figure 2 - The Nolan Model11
Figure 3 – The Earl Model12
Figure 4 - The Bhabuta Model13
Figure 5 - Strategic, Tactical & Operational Planning14
Figure 6 - Strategic Alignment Model15
Figure 7 - Classification of Strategic Planning Techniques17
Figure 8 - Porter's Five Forces18

1.0 Introduction to Strategic Planning
In modern society it is common for the terms information Technology (IT) and Information systems (IS) to be used interchangeably. Before providing a brief overview of the background to the development of information systems planning, it is a necessity to differentiate between the two. The former refers specifically to hardware; software and telecommunication networks that facilitate the ability to store manage process and share electronic information. Were as the latter can be defined as the ‘means by which people and organisations, utilizing technology, gather, process, store, use and disseminate information’. UKAIS (1993)

The Information Systems Strategy Triangle (Figure 1) clarifies the importance of IS in business. O’Kane (2012) suggests that the main aim of information systems planning is ‘Identifying current and future information needs for the organization that align business and IS/IT strategies, objectives and functions’. This allows for IS/IT to determine competitive advantage. The specific objectives of Information Systems Planning (ISP) are to improve budgeting and resourcing, establish an information systems strategy, an information technology strategy and an information management strategy, build a robust framework for long-term management of information, information systems and information technology, ensure that IS/IT support can enhance achievement of business objectives and is responsive to fast-changing business needs, ensure outward looking IS/IT, build acceptance of shared responsibility between IS/IT & business people for successful exploitation of information and technology and achieve cost-effective investment in IT for measured business benefits. 1.1 Background

The first electronic computer emerged in 1946 and was followed by the first commercial computer in 1950. It was not until 1981 that the first personal computer emerged and since then technology has evolved rapidly. The advances in this particular field have produced many significant capabilities that people and organizations can utilize to gain competitive advantage. As a result of this, the importance of good...
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