The Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles (TOV) was signed on the 28th of June 1919 in the Palace of Versailles. The TOV was a compromise peace and was designed to end all wars, but this was not achieved as 20 years later, in 1939 another war broke out. The three nation leaders, Georges Clemenceau of France, David Lloyd-George of Britain and Woodrow Wilson of America, all had different ideas of the harshness that should be placed on Germany. France in particular, wanted to see the German armed forces and Navy reduced. Georges Clemenceau, the French President had a very negative attitude towards Germany. He wanted revenge, and for the Germans to remain forever weak, as this would prevent Germany from being a threat to the French ever again. Woodrow Wilson, the American President wanted a Treaty that did not treat Germany too harshly, and as an idealist he wanted the Treaty that was a perfect solution, so that WW1 became a war to end all wars. David Lloyd-George wanted to Germany to be punished harshly, but feels that the punishment demanded by Clemenceau was too harsh. He saw Germany as a valuable trading partner and thought that if the compensation demanded upon Germany was too high, they would become too weak to be able to continue with trade. As part of the TOV, the German armed forced were dramatically reduced in size and efficiency. There Army, before the war was about 4.5million men in size but under the treaty this was reduced to 100,000 men and was made to be a no conscription, volunteer only army. Other than this the Navy was also reduced to 6 ships and 10,000 men. No tanks, submarines, or heavy artillery was to be used. Alsace and Lorraine, lost to Germany during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, were returned to France. Other than this the Saar Land was also given to France for the period of 15 years. The Saar Land was a valuable economic source to Germany, as it was rich in Coal. This potentially lost Germany valuable export income....
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