Aims of the Treaty of Versaille

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Assess the differing aims of the allies of the Versailles conference and show how these aims were reflected in the terms of the agreement.

The Treaty of Versailles was one of numerous treaties signed and discussed at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 after World War I, the five main countries involved were the Great Britain, USA, France, Italy and Germany. The Treaty of Versailles focused on the compensation Germany had to pay to the allies after the war.

Great Britain, USA, France, Italy were known as the “Big Four”, they were chosen out of the countries that participated in the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. Each of these countries had differing aims and goals in regards to the Treaty. This was because the War affected all of them differently. The representatives for the countries were British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau and American President Woodrow Wilson.

France was attacked numerous times by Germany from 1870 to 1914, which explains why France’s demands were one of the harshest and most aggressive. To ensure Germany wouldn’t be able to attack them again, Frances aim was to destroy Germany completely, militarily and economically. Clemenceau demanded that The Rhineland be taken from Germany, and be set up as an independent state, they asked for extensive demilitarization of Germany as well, this was to ensure that Germany would be incapable of attacking France again. They also ordered Germany to return Alsace-Lorraine, which was taken by them in 1871. The last demand Clemenceau made was that Germany should compensate the damage the war had brought to France, including paying for the war pensions to French soldiers and the war widows. These were the aims and demands made by France.

Britain’s demands were more focused on achieving independence for the countries and regions taken over by Germany, and in comparison to France, their aims were less focused on themselves. The British Prime Minister...
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