English, one of the most spoken languages in the world, has a lot of variants. The most well-known English variants are British and American English. Although British and American English are the same language, they have some differences in vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and spelling (http://www.uta.fi/FAST/US1/REF/usgbintr.html, 2011). However. one variant cannot be said to be superior to the other because both have been standardized (Kemmer,2009).
Despite no course about the differences between British and American English, PBI students they are still able to communicate using English. It was not known whether they tend to use British or American English. Their ability to recognize those variants of English is also questioned. Therefore, their use of American and Btritish English is studied in this research.
B. Research Problems
Based on the description above, the problems that can be formulated are: 1. Do PBI students more frequently use British than American English vocabulary? 2. What is the tendency of PBI students in using British and American English pronunciation? 3. How successful do PBI students in identifying reading and listening passage of British and American English? 4. What is PBI students’consistency in using British and American English?
The aims of this research are:
1. to analyze whether PBI students more frequently use British English or American English vocabulary. 2. to analyze the tendency of PBI students in using British English and American English pronunciation. 3. to analyze the ability of PBI students in identifying reading and listening passage of British English and American English. 4. to analyze PBI students’ consistency in using British and American English.
By conducting this research, the benefit that the researchers can get is to widen the knowledge concerning the differences between British and American English. For science, it is expected that this research paper can contribute to Linguistics course material. For the next researcher, this paper is expected to be able to be used as a reference to conduct a research with a similar topic.
To narrow down the discussion of this research, the researchers limit the research to the use of British and American English among PBI students of Sanata Dharma University year 2010. The other limitations are British and American English vocabulary, pronunciation, and spelling. The researchers do not study the use of British and American English among PBI Sanata Dharma other than year 2010 and other aspects of differences between British and American English such as grammar.
Previous Studies/Related Theories
English, one of the most spoken languages in the world, has a lot of variants. The most well-known English variants are British and American English. Although British and American English are the same language, they have some differences in vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and spelling. The differences in grammatical pattern can be seen in these examples:
half an hour
a half hour
five dollars a pair
(five dollars the pair)
at the university
plenty of time
half of the world
half the world
need it badly
need it bad
have you got…?
do you have…?
I don’t have…
try to help them
try help them
The differences are also found in some verbs form:
burn – burnt – burnt
burn – burned – burned
dream – dreamt – dreamt
dream – dreamed – dreamed mow – mowed –mown
mow – mowed – mowed
shine – shone – shone
shine – shined – shined learn – learnt – learnt
learn – learned – learned bet –...
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