Program #11 The Sacred Words: Elements of Poetry
Understand the importance of economy of language in poetry.
It is important because it is the fewest words to fully get your idea across, not rambling on.
Program #12: A Sense of Place
Show how clues and information in the poem about the setting affect a poem's meaning for a reader
It affects it changing the reader’s vision about what they are reading. 2.
Discuss how a reader's understanding of a poem is affected by knowledge about the background and historical and social context of a poem and poet.
When you have more knowledge about a context it is easier to understand the concept and the situation in a poem.
Program #13 Tools of the Trade: Words and Imagery in Poetry
1. Define and be able to recognize examples of formal and informal diction, concrete and abstract diction, specific diction, and slang.
a. Formal diction = language that is lofty, dignified, and impersonal. Ex. are not angry
b. Informal diction = language that is not as lofty or impersonal as formal diction; similar to everyday speech.
c. Concrete diction = Words that involve material, representable things rather than ideas or immaterial concepts; the opposite of abstract diction.
d. Abstract diction = Language that describes qualities that cannot be perceived with the five senses.
e. Slang = A type of language that consists of words and phrases that are regarded as very informal, are more common in speech than writing
2. Define “image” and “imagery.” Define and be able to recognize examples of tactile, auditory, visual, and olfactory images.
a. Image = An 'Image' is that which presents an intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time.
b. Imagery = sensory content of poems; appeals to the five senses.
c. Tactile images = Tactile imagery appeals to the sense of touch by presenting attributes like hardness, softness or hot and cold sensations.
d. Auditory images = Auditory imagery is the mental representation of any sound and it is vital in imagining and feeling a situation.
e. Visual images = This the most frequent type of imagery used to recreate a certain image. Ex. The crimson liquid spilled from the neck of the white dove, staining and matting its pure, white feathers.
f. Olfactory images = Olfactory imagery is related to smell and this imagery helps summon and deliver the smells to the reader.
Be aware that images affect the reader emotionally.
Imagery makes the readers feel as they are present in the moment, right between the lines.
4. Define connotation.
suggested or associated meaning. (skeleton = death)
Understand parallelism in a poem.
Parallelism in poetry is a technique that involves the art of rhyming sentences.
Program #14 Seeing Anew: Rhetorical Figures in Poetry
Define and recognize examples of figures of speech, including metaphor, explicit metaphor, simile, and personification. a.
Metaphor = items from different classes are implicitly compared, WITHOUT a connective such as "like" or "as." ("She is the rose, the glory of the day.") b.
Explicit metaphor = Metaphor is a figure of speech that is used to paint one concept with the attributes normally associated with another c.
Simile = items from different classes are compared by a connective such as "like," "as," or "than" or by a verb such as "appears" or "seems." If the objects compared are from the same class, e.g., "New York is like Chicago," no simile is present. An appropriate simile: "She is like the rose." d.
Personification = giving human qualities to abstractions or inanimate objects such as love, beauty, etc. ("The cat, disappointed, wondered where I'd been all day." ; "When love calls, wild hearts fly.")
State reasons why poets depend on figurative language as one of the main characteristics of poetry.
It enhance comprehension, it is a...
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