Kokshetau State Ualikhanov University
Subject: “Methods of Foreign Language Teaching”
Theme: Modern slang in English
Prepared by: Tussupzhanova D.B
Supervisor: Veber V.A.
I.1. Definition of slang
I.3. Origins of slang
I.4. Development of slang
I.5. Creators of slang
I.6.Linguistic processes forming slang
I.7. Characteristics of slang
I.8. Position in the Language
II.1. Modern slang
II.2. Usage of modern slang
II.5. Common modern British slangs
II.6. Common modern American slangs
According to the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, slang is “very informal usage in vocabulary and idiom that is characteristically more metaphorical, playful, elliptical, vivid and ephemeral than ordinary language”. For example, a quick internet search revealed that the following are all slang terms for ‘excellent’: phat; obese; shiznit and coolio. You can find examples of how these words are used in sentences on the websites about slangs. It’s, informal, nonstandard words and phrases, generally shorter lived than the expressions of ordinary colloquial speech, and typically formed by creative, often witty juxtapositions of words or images. Slang can be contrasted with jargon (technical language of occupational or other groups) and with argot or cant (secret vocabulary of underworld groups), but the borderlines separating these categories from slang are greatly blurred, and some writers use the terms cant, argot, and jargon in a general way to include all the foregoing meanings.
1. Definition of slang
Main Entry: 1slang Pronunciation: 'sla[ng] Function: noun Etymology: origin unknown Date: 1756 1 : language peculiar to a particular group: as a : ARGOT b : JARGON 2 2 : an informal nonstandard vocabulary composed typically of coinages, arbitrarily changed words, and extravagant, forced, or facetious figures of speech - slang adjective
- slang·i·ly /'sla[ng]-&-lE/ adverb
- slang·i·ness /'sla[ng]-E-n&s/ noun
- slangy /'sla[ng]-E/ adjective
Main Entry: 2slang Date: 1828 intransitive senses : to use slang or vulgar abuse transitive senses : to abuse with harsh or coarse language Main Entry: rhyming slang Function: noun Date: 1859: slang in which the word intended is replaced by a word or phrase that rhymes with it (as loaf of bread for head) or the first part of the phrase (as loaf for head) Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Nonstandard vocabulary composed of words or senses characterized primarily by connotations of extreme informality and usually by a currency not limited to a particular region. It is composed typically of coinages or arbitrarily changed words, clipped or shortened forms, extravagant, forced, or facetious figures of speech, or verbal novelties. Slang consists of the words and expressions that have escaped from the cant, jargon and argot (and to a lesser extent from dialectal, nonstandard, and taboo speech) of specific subgroups of society so that they are known and used by an appreciable percentage of the general population, even though the words and expressions often retain some associations with the subgroups that originally used and popularized them. Thus, slang is a middle ground for words and expressions that have become too popular to be any longer considered as part of the more restricted categories, but that are not yet (and may never become) acceptable or popular enough to be considered informal or standard. (Compare the slang "hooker" and the standard "prostitute.") Under the terms of such a definition, "cant" comprises the restricted, non-technical words and expressions of any particular group, as an occupational, age, ethnic, hobby, or special-interest group. (Cool, uptight, do your...