The Role of National Symbols in the Development of Nationalism

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THE ROLE OF NATIONAL SYMBOLS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONALISM

A Research
Presented to
Dr. Fely Moreno
of the National Teachers College

In Partial Fulfillment of
the Requirements in
Qualitative Research

Ms. Ma. Cristina C. Paderna
Ms. Romalyn T. Esmande

First Semester

October 2, 2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TitlePage
Acknowledgement………………………………………………………………1 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………2-3 Statement of the problem……………………………………………………4-5 Purpose of the study……………………………………………………………5 The Grand Tour Question and Sub-questions…………………………6-7 Definition of Terms………………………………………………………………….8-11 Delimitation and Limitation………………………………………………………….12 Significance of the Study………………………………………………………………12 Procedure

Type of Design Used…………………………………………………………………..13 The Role of Researcher…………………………………………………….........................13 Data Collection Procedures…………………………………………………………………14 Methods for Verification…………………………………………………………………..14 Interpretation of Data………………………………………………………………………15 Outcome of the Study in Relation with Theory and Literature……………15 Appendix

A. Letter to the Principal………………………………………………………………….16 B. Questionnaire………………………………………………………………………….17-18

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researchers would like to express a sincere gratitude to those people who are kind enough to assist and extend their help to be able to finish this study.

To our families, who became our inspiration and motivation while doing the study. To our dear friends who willingly lend their assistance to us. To Mrs. Fely Moreno for her continued support and encouragement. And to Almighty God for his continued guidance and blessings.

Ms.Cristina Paderna
Ms.Romalyn Esmande

1
INTRODUCTION
Nationalism involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a political entity defined in national terms, i.e. a nation. Often, it is the belief that an ethnic group has a right to statehood, or that citizenship in a state should be limited to one ethnic group, or that multinational in a single state should necessarily comprise the right to express and exercise national identity even by minorities. It can also include the belief that the state is of primary importance, or the belief that one state is naturally superior to all other states. It is also used to describe a movement to establish or protect a homeland (usually an autonomous state) for an ethnic group. In some cases the identification of a national culture is combined with a negative view of other races or cultures. Conversely, nationalism might also be portrayed as collective identities towards imagined communities which are not naturally expressed in language, race or religion but rather socially constructed by the very individuals that belong to a given nation. Nationalism is sometimes reactionary, calling for a return to a national past, and sometimes for the expulsion of foreigners. Other forms of nationalism are revolutionary, calling for the establishment of an independent state as a homeland for an ethnic underclass. Nationalism emphasizes collective identity - a 'people' must be autonomous, united, and express a single national culture. However, some nationalists stress individualism as an important part of their own national identity. National flags, national anthems, and other symbols of national identity are often considered sacred, as if they were religious rather than political symbols. 2

Deep emotions are aroused. Gellner and Breuilly, in Nations and Nationalism, contrast nationalism and patriotism. "If the nobler word 'patriotism' then replaced 'civic/Western nationalism', nationalism as a phenomenon had ceased to exist. Nationalism has been the subject of hundreds of analyses and dozens of theories. However, the...
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