The Relationship Between Pronunciation Ability and Listening Ability

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of Contents…………………………………………………………..1

Introduction……………………………………………………………….. 2

Literature Review
* Linguistics…………………………………………………………. 4 * Phonology………………………………………………………......5 * Pronunciation……………………………………………………….6 * Listening……………………………………………………………6 * Company profile……………………………………………………8

Research Methodology
* Research Design…………………………………………………...14 * Population and Sample…………………………………………….14 * The Research Instrument…………………………………………..15 * The Data Processing………………………………………………..16 * Result and Discussion……………………………………………...18

Conclusion and References
* Conclusion………………………………………………………….21 * References……………………………………………………….....22

1. INTRODUCTION

The Relationship Between Pronunciation Ability and Listening Ability of Employees in PT. PGN Area Batam

Rika Purnama Sari

Language involves a duality of patterning, as Hockett (1954) has noted. On the one hand, there are patterns that pertain to the way that sounds are organized; on the other, there are patterns that relate to hoe meanings are organized. Although language use dealing with patterns at both levels, it often seems as though the two are studied in relative isolation of one another. So, what is definition of language? Language is one system for human to communicate with other by speech and writing, so that human can represent their ideas and thoughts through the sounds or letters. Language is vested in culture and the origin of spoken language is as old as humanity itself. Early human ancestors began using spoken language several million years ago. Humans began writing about 5,000 years ago. Language made it possible for human societies to develop.

Language is the development of the basic form of communication between human beings, and in a society. And just as it is the basic form, it is also the most developed. We cannot communicate in any real sense without language. Communication happened when there are 2 parties which are the sender and the receiver involved in a conversation through language. language and communication are the unity and cannot be separated.

There are three forms of communication through language. They are spoken language, symbol language and body language or gesture. Spoken language use sound carried on out-breathed air from the lungs, which is modulated by articulators (tongue, lips, etc.). For example speech, conversation, etc. Written language is Communication by means of written symbols. For example : text, book, magazine, etc. Body language is Silent (non-verbal) messages communicated through the sender's body movements, facial expressions, voice tone and loudness, etc. For example : eye blinking, smiling, hands shaking, etc. All those examples are forms of communication through language.

Spoken language needs sound. Sound is a mechanical wave that is an oscillation of pressure transmitted through a solid, liquid, or gas, composed of frequencies within the range of hearing and of a level sufficiently strong to be heard, or the sensation stimulated in organs of hearing by such vibrations. Pronunciation and listening also need sound.

The definition of pronunciation and listening. Pronunciation refers to the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which someone utters a word. If one is said to have "correct pronunciation", then it refers to both within a particular dialect. A word can be spoken in different ways by various individuals or groups, depending on many factors, such as: the area in which they grew up, the area in which they now live, if they have a speech or voice disorder, their ethnic group, their social class, or their education. Listening is a communication technique that requires the listener to feed back what he hears to the speaker, by way of re-stating or paraphrasing what he has heard in his own words, to confirm what he has heard and moreover, to confirm the understanding of both parties. From each of...
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