Soccer is the most watched sport on television worldwide. This explains why players such as David Beckham, who plays for Los Angeles Galaxy earns approximately $46 million annually while Cristiano Ronaldo earns approximately $42 million annually. Soccer, which is also known as football, is played using a circular ball between two teams. Each of these teams has eleven players including the goalkeeper. The game which is currently the most popular game in the world is played by approximately 250 million players in more than 200 countries. The objective of the game is to score a goal against the opponents, without any of the players being on the offside. Soccer is played on a field that is rectangular with grass or in the modern fields, artificial turf, which is safer and with a better visual impression. FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) governs Soccer internationally and also makes arrangements for world cup which is played after every four years. The players should wear a full uniform: short, shirt, footwear, socks and shin guards. Items such as chains and watches are forbidden as they can cause harm (Eugenio, 142).
The rule of the game allows the field players to use any part of their body except the hands. The goalkeepers are the only ones allowed to touch the ball, if it is not a throw-in which can be done by any player. Goalkeepers are also supposed to wear a different uniform so that they can easily be identified. The winner of a game is the team that scores the most goals after a period of ninety minutes. If there is a tie, the winner is decided by having extra time and/or penalties. There are two halves and each lasts 45 minutes and fifteen minutes break before the second half starts. The official timekeeper of the game is the referee and he/she can add time to compensate stoppages such as attending to injured players, substitutions, among others. The added time is usually known as injury time or stoppage time.
There are two states of the ball during the game; ball out of play and ball in play and this is according to the Soccer laws. Some of the common terms used in soccer are goal kick: when the attacking team’s player is the last to touch a ball that crosses goal line and the defending team is given the ball. Kick-off: to start each half or after a goal is scored. Corner kick: given to the attacking team when the defending team is the last to touch a ball that crosses the goal line. Throw-in: given to team that did not lastly touch the ball that crossed the touchline. Dropped-ball: the referee stops the ball for reasons such as interference, serious injury or a defective ball. Direct free kick: awarded once a ‘penal’ foul is done by the opposing team and can lead to a goal. Indirect free kick: awarded once a ‘non-penal’ foul is done by the opposing team such as changing a player and another player should touch the ball so as to score. Penalty kick: similar to a direct free kick but the foul must have been done in the penalty area.
History of football dates way back. People started kicking ball in different places as long as the eighth century in places such as England. Other places include Cuju in China and Woggabaliri in Australia. The public schools of England used to play different types of football and that is the reason why the modern rules of soccer tried to standardize the varying forms. In 1848, the first rules known as the Cambridge Rules were set in the Cambridge University and these contributed a lot in the codes that followed. The Cambridge rules were written in presence of representatives from schools such as Shrewsbury, Rugby, Eton and Winchester meaning that only a small portion of the world was represented. Clubs that were not connected to these schools were formed during the 1850’s and they came up with their own different rules. In 1857, Sheffield Football Club was created and after ten years this later led to Sheffield FA...