Module 1: The Meaning of Research: An Introduction
1. Define research according to 5 different authors.
Social Research is systematic method of exploring, analyzing, conceptualizing social life in order to extend, correct or verify knowledge aid in the construction of theory or in the practice of an art. - Kurtlewin (1988)
Research may to define as systematic and objective analysis of controlled observations that may lead to development of organizations, principles & possibility ultimate control of events. - John W. Best (2002)
Research is a systematic investigation to find solution to a problem. - Kothari (2002)
Research in any organization is the inquiry carried out to provide information for solving problem. - Cooper & Schindler (2003)
Scientific research is systematic controlled, empirical &critical investigation of hypothetical propositions about the presumed relations among the natural phenomenon. - Fred N. Kerlinger (2004)
2. Give the differences between research and problem solving.
Problem-solving is the process of working through details of a problem to reach a solution. Problem solving may include mathematical or systematic operations and can be a gauge of an individual's critical thinking skills. In problem solving, you have all the information you need or are going to get, and you have to figure out something about this information. Research on the other hand is a systematic investigative process employed to increase or revise current knowledge by discovering new facts. It is divided into two general categories: (1) Basic research is inquiry aimed at...