“the Leadership Structure as It Concerns Extension Programmes in Nigeria”

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INTRODUCTION
Agricultural extension is the process or system or service which assists farmers or farm people through educational processes in improving farming methods and techniques. In other words, Agricultural extension is the process whereby the beneficial products of research are taken to the farmers and the problems of farmers taken to research institutions for solution. Agricultural extension programmes are the media or channels through which new ideas and techniques are disseminated to rural farmers. In other words, they are bodies or agencies which have extension service unit that can teach and train extension workers on the job to approve their daily extension services so that they will be able to transfer these innovations to the rural farmers (Iwena, 1998). Before the leadership structure as it concerns extension programmes in Nigeria can be known, there is need for knowledge of the extension programmes in Nigeria. According to Salawu et al (2008), agricultural extension programmes in Nigeria can be categorized into two groups which include: •Government-organized extension programmes and

Extension programmes organized and sponsored by private agencies Government organized extension programmes and their years of establishment include the: National Accelerated Food Production Project, NAFPP (1972), Agricultural Development Projects, ADP (1975), Accelerated Development Area Project, ADAP (1982), Multi-State Agricultural Development Projects, MSADP (1986), Operation Feed the Nation Programme, OFN (1976), River Basin Development Authority, RBDA (1973), The Green Revolution Programme, GRP (1980), The Directorate of Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure, DFRRI (1986), The National Directorate of Employment, NDE (1986), The Nigeria Agricultural Insurance Scheme, NAIS (1987), The National Fadama Development Project, NFDP (1992), The Poverty Alleviation Programme, PAP (2000), National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy, NEEDS (2004), and the National Special Programme for Food Security, NSPFS (2003) Some of the private agencies that support extension programmes include: The Nigerian Tobacco Company, Shell Petroleum Development Company, Religious organizations such as the Catholic and the Anglican churches, and some Non-governmental organizations, NGO’s such as the Leventis Foundation.  

LEADERSHIP STRUCTURE OF THE DIRECTORATE OF FOOD, ROADS AND RURAL INFRASTRUCTURES To help realize the Rural Development aims and objectives, and in line with the Decree, a four-tier organization was put in place at the National, State, LGA and Community levels. The organizational structure of each of these levels and their main functions are briefly described below: National Level

At the National Level, the Decree stipulates an eight-man DFRRI Board appointed by Mr. President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. The Board consists of an Executive Chairman and not less than four but not more than seven other members. The main functions of the Board are to formulate policy and broadly supervise the work of the Directorate. The National Directorate itself is organized into the following Offices and Departments: •Office of the Executive Chairman

Department of Organisation and Mobilization
Department of Rural Infrastructure
Department of Food and Agriculture
Department of Rural Industrialization
Department of Engineering and Technology
Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation
Department of Administration, Finance and Logistics
Office of the Secretary/Director-General
The Directorate is part of the Presidency, which gives it central as well as national focus. It also enables Mr. President to directly oversee the work of the Directorate. State Level
For each of the States, Section 4 of the Decree provides for the establishment, in the office of the Military Governor, the State equivalent of the Board of the Directorate to perform similar functions in the State. The Decree further...
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