Compare and Contrast Road Development Under the River Basin and Rural Development Authority(Rbrda) and the Directorate for Foods, Roads and Rural Infrastructure(Dfrri).

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1.0.INTRODUCTION.
DIRECTORATE FOR FOODS,ROADS AND RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE(DFRRI)
Many programmes of the Nigerian government had varied impact on poverty alleviation. The DFRRI was established in 1986 by Gen. Babangida to enhance rural development. This was meant to provide feeder roads, electricity, and potable water and toilet facilities for the rural dwellers. the establishment of the Directorate of Food, roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI)was not only a radical departure from the previous programmes, but also recognized the complementariness associated with basic needs such as food, shelter, potable water, etc. DFRRI had tremendous impact on the rural areas. For instance, between the time of inception in 1986 and 1993, DFRRI had completed over 278,526 km of roads. Over5,000 rural communities benefited from its rural electrification programme (See CBN Annual Reports). This integrated approach to rural development, no doubt, provided for the necessary basic infrastructures that can stimulate the growth of agro – allied small – scale enterprises in rural areas. Furthermore, DFRRI impacted positively on food production. For instance, there was a steady and significant rise in agricultural output as shown by the index of agricultural production between 1986 and 1993 (CBN, Statistical Bulletin, December 1998). However, DFRRI could not achieve many of its objectives due to many factors which include lack of standards for project harmonization and effective mechanisms for co-ordination among the three tiers of government and between DFRRI and the levels of government (CBN Bauchi Zone; and Enugu Zone, 1998). Hence, with time DFRRI could not sustain the tempo with which it started, and it ended up not living up to expectation and became defunct (National Planning Commission, 1994). The projects gulped N1.9b ( about N80 billion today's value ) without Nigerians benefiting from them. It is noteworthy that the post fourth plan period (1985 - 1990) witnessed some improvements in the provision of rural infrastructure. Within the few years of DFRRI’s existence, some notable achievements have been made. For instance between 1986 and 1988, about 30,000kms or rural roads were claimed to have been constructed. Although, it could be argued that the length of roads constructed were just 50% short of the government’s target of 60,000 kilometres for 1986,but then, between 1986 and 1992, DFRRI had constructed and rehabilitated about 61,000km of feeder roads in Nigeria (Filani, 1993). yet the directorate opened up the rural areas within a short period of time. The Directorate made rural road development as their first priority because of the belief that unless there is access to the rural communities, all other infrastructures such as electricity, water and farm inputs cannot reach the rural people. The premium that the Federal Government placed on the provision of rural infrastructure particularly rural roads was one of the reasons for establishment of the Directorate for Food Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI). This programme is perhaps the most pragmatic road provision approach to date. The Directorate was charged among other things with the responsibility of enhancing rural accessibility. The basic strategy of the DFRRI, according to the Federal Government Policy paper, involves the construction, maintenance and rehabilitation of nation – wide rural feeder roads. This figure represents about 51% of the planned road project for the whole period. In spite of the enormous contribution of DFRRI to feeder roads provision in Nigeria, many rural communities still remained unreached by the time it was merged with the Ministry of Water Resources and Rural Development. This led to the growth of rural roads from 75,000km in 1985 to 108,700km in 1992 and to about 140,000km in 2000 ( World Bank, 1997 and Schelling , 2000). 2.0.RIVER BASIN AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY(RBRDA)

Nigeria has 11 River Basin...
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