THE INTERNET UTILIZATION AND ACDEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG UNDERGRADUATE ENGINEERING STUDENTS IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN NORTH EASTH ZONE OF NIGERIA
LINUS NIHUNGU AHAZ
Being a Research Proposal Submitted to the Department of Library and Information Science Bayero University Kano.
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Information is the pivot on which the survival of the society rests and it is vital to the overall efficiency of university lecturers and the academic development of their students. To this end, academic libraries are expected to acquire, process, organize, store and make available for their community members relevant information that will enhance the overall objective of their institution. (Ogunbote and Odunewu, 2009). Omagbemi et-al (2006) in Ogunbote and Odunewu on the other hand described the academic libraries, ‘’as central laboratory or a dispensary of knowledge. They concluded that libraries exist as central academic organs in various universities and non can fully operate without an adequate one’’. Still, Adetimirin,(2007) in Ogunbote and Odunewu, observed that ‘’many university libraries in Nigeria are underfunded and therefore unable to acquire sufficient information materials’’. He maintained that ‘’the development and consequent adoption of information and communication technology used in education is assumed will complement the libraries information provision; as it has enhance information capturing, processing , storing and dissemination through various ICT resources like the CD-ROM, internet, on-line database etc. One of the significant achievement in the information and communication sector is the introduction of advance communication network (i.e the internet), the technology connecting a computer with millions of computer in the network (Singh, 2001). The internet therefore, according to Akande, (2004) ‘’is an information technology (IT) that can receive, process and store or sent out information as directed by computer program’’. The internet thus, as observed by the researcher is an aspect of Information Communication Technology (ICTs) which comprises of all form of communication devices such as the computer, mobile phones, television, video players, tape recorders, radios etc as well as all forms of storage devices eg DVD, CDs CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, flash drives including the databases etc put together also referred to as electronic resources, therefore, in the course of this study the term ICTs and the internet will be used interchangeably. According to Omoniyi and Akimboro, (2009) maintained that, information and communication technologies (ICTs) ‘’is one of the most potent forces that are shaping the twenty-first century because it helps the individuals, institutions and societies to achieve greater to and utilization of information and knowledge’’ they further opined that ‘’ICT is indeed a new tool that libraries in the advanced countries use and which libraries in the developing nations can use to make library and information services available to library clientele’’ similarly Uhegbu and Igwe, (2006) in Omoniyi and Akingboro, (2009), ‘’the aqusition and use of ICTs in the library is essentially to serve as a communication tool for library practice since information can be retrieved and communicated to library clientele more efficiently in an ICT environment’’. Also in an attempt to further explain the concept of ICT, Wombo and Abba, (2008) said that, ICT ‘’ is a composite term, which embodies three important concepts’’ and that ‘’to understand ICT one must understand all the three concept s (i.e information, communication and technology)’’ according to them, ‘’scientifically, information is processed data’’ and loosely defined according to them, it is ‘’that which aids decision making’’ and that, ‘’information though abstract , could be visualized as a commodity which could be bought...
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