This paper seeks to identify the importance of Information Communication Technology (ICT) development in human capital development in Nigeria as it is a major driving force for not just human capital development but for sustaining development in Nigeria and the world in general. It also stressed its importance as it cuts across areas like education, health, global recognition and partnership, agriculture, business and commerce, mass enlightenment, and politics. And the different factors militating against the effective utilization of ICT in human capital development as well as its recommendations.
In today’s knowledge economy sustainable competitive advantage resides, not in the organization’s physical or financial assets, but in the collective skills, knowledge and attributes of its employees. Nevertheless, recent global research has established that human capital, the skills and knowledge of employees, too often remains an untapped performance lever. Human capital is the stock of competencies, knowledge, social and personality attributes, including creativity, embodied in the ability to perform labor so as to produce economic value. It is an aggregate economic view of the human being acting within economies, which is an attempt to capture the social, biological, cultural and psychological complexity as they interact in explicit and/or economic transactions (Wikipedia.). All over the country, plans, projects and programmes are formulated to improve the lives of her citizens, which are the core aim of development – empowering the people. Sadly, most of these plans, projects and programmes formulated in Nigeria are for short term purposes and are not totally implemented. Moreover, they do not touch all aspects of development which includes health, education, technology, politics, and agriculture among others. Hence, it becomes difficult for Nigeria to get to the stage where she would be referred to as a developed country. Nigeria can only be developed if and only if she works towards human capital development. Sustainable development as defined by Nwanwene (2007), is a global crusade movement. Amodu (2008) states that sustainable development is a process rather than an end goal. He further noted that this process requires constant evaluation and analysis of the emerging trends in the discussion so as to take the issue of human capital development to the next level. Human capital development simply put is developing for the present and future, the process of ensuring that the present development is sustained and maintained for the future. It focuses on the need to improve the lives of citizens for the future that is, building the nation for the future. To achieve and sustain development (sustainable development), revolutionary efficient, reliable and potential tools must be employed. These tools are the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) such as the Internet, mobile phones, e-mail, microcomputers among others. ICTs are new technologies that cannot be ignored in Nigeria especially for development. This is because ICTs are one of the main driving forces stimulating development and change in the digital age. It was in the light of this that Emenari (2004) noted that “great transformations in the lives of the people are in part a function of advances in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).” Onwubalili (2004) added that “the magical changes are quite glaring in every facet of our lives and touches simplest of domestic services to corporate and limitless industrial applications”. ICTs like the Internet according to Nwajinka (2004) creates and meet demand which satisfies human and corporate needs. In fact, ICTs are what Africans need to climb to the heights developed continent has reached. Apparently, ICTs are significant tools for human capital development. However, African countries like Nigeria need to have a human capital development agenda before ICTs can be fully...
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