The Impact of Mdg in Nigeria

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  • Topic: Millennium Development Goals, Poverty reduction, United Nations
  • Pages : 6 (2452 words )
  • Download(s) : 248
  • Published : May 7, 2012
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Just last month, a major summit was held at the United Nations headquarters to review the progress made by countries on the Millennium Development Goals MDGs, especially in view of the fact that 10 of the 15 years target set by the world body for attaining the target have just reeled by with the attendant skepticisms as to whether it is indeed realizable. 10 years after this noble initiative to improve the lot of mankind, the debate has continued on whether these impoverished countries, the primary targets of the MDGs have actually done enough to take advantage of the global initiative. How sincere have they been this last 10 years in leveraging on the millennium goals to transform living conditions in their countries? How seriously have some of these countries been able to deal with internal official corruption which international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and UN agencies have identified as the greatest threat to MDGs because whatever fund received from international donors and debt forgiveness package are most likely not going to reach their MDGs destinations. This was why Transparency International (TI) recently called on governments who desire to achieve their MDGs to first of all implement the UN Convention against corruption, stating that it is the most comprehensive legal framework for combating corruption as well as the fact that it has specific articles that can advance pro-MDGs policies. There is also the debate on debt forgiveness itself. Should poor countries who are the beneficiaries of this seeming kindness be really grateful for the debt cancellation or should the gesture be seen for what it is – a reparation of sort for the exploitation and dehumanization of our ancestors. But beyond debt forgiveness, how well have the rich countries as constituted in the G-8 shown commitment to their 0.7 percent Official Development Assistance (ODA) which is recognized by the UN. Under this commitment, each economically advanced country is expected to progressively increase its official development assistance to the developing countries and will do its best to reach a minimum net amount of 0.7 percent of its Gross National Product (GNP). On our local front, there is also palpable cynicism regarding the prosecution of the MDGs. Questions have been asked if the government is doing enough to alleviate poverty and transform the hash social and economic conditions of Nigerians; then the issue of transparency. This piece is therefore, an attempt to present some of the available facts on how our internal MDGs have fared thus far. But before that, let’s refresh our memories on how it all began. The Millennium Development Goals were hatched at the United Nations Summit of 2000 where all the world leaders adopted a United Nations Millennium Declaration from which the eight Goals were promoted to accelerate the development of the world’s poorest countries socially and economically. The first and perhaps the most important Goal is to “Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger.” By this, affected countries are expected to reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than one dollar a day; achieve decent employment for women, men and young people, and halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. The second is to “Achieve universal primary education” where by 2015 all children, boys and girls, would have completed their full primary education. Then the third – to “Promote of gender equality and empowerment of women”; fourth, “Reduce Child mortality rate by two-third”; fifth, “Improve maternal health by three-quarters and achieve by 2015 universal access to reproductive health”; sixth, “Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases”. Under this particular Goal, the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major life threatening diseases are expected to have been halted and reversed by 2015 while by 2010 (i.e. this year) universal access to the treatment of HIV/AIDS for those who need it should have been achieved. The...
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