The Id, Ego, and Super-ego
Sigmund Freud born on May 6, 1856 made referrence to three different concepts, while developing the discipline of psychoanalysis. Freud proposed that the human psyche could be divided into three parts: Id, ego, and super-ego. Freud discussed this model in the 1920 essay Beyond the Pleasure Principle.
The id is the impulsive, child-like portion of the psyche that operates on the "pleasure principle" and only takes into account what it wants and disregards all consequences.
The ego organizes part of the personality structure that includes defensive, perceptual, intellectual-cognitive, and executive functions. Conscious awareness resides in the ego, although not all of the operations of the ego are conscious. Freud later went on to detail that the ego meant judgment or tolerance.
The super-ego is the moral component of the psyche, which takes into account no special circumstances in which the morally right thing may not be right for a given situation. it is the part of the psyche that is usually reflected most directly in a person's actions. When pushed to the test or threatened by its tasks, it may detail defense mechanisms including denial, repression, and displacement. Id, Ego, and Super Ego play in relation to conscious and unconscious thoughts. In the story, "The Little Engine that Could" is inspiring to little children to teach them optimism and hard work, while developing there id, ego, and supere-ego. A little railroad engine was assigned to a station yard for such work as it was built for, pulling a few cars on and off the switches. One morning it was waiting for the next call when a long train of freight-cars asked a large engine in the roundhouse to take it over the hill. "I can't; that is too much a pull for me," said the great engine built for hard work. Then the train asked another engine, and another, only to hear excuses and be refused. In desperation, the train asked the little...