All answers can be located in Chapters 9 and 11 of the text.
Fill in the Blank – 2 points each
Psychologists typically define personality as an individual’s unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that persists over time and across situations.
The need to be with others is called affiliation motive.
A desire to perform a behavior that stems from the behavior performed is called intrinsic motivation.
Theory which states that emotional experience depends on one’s perception or judgment of the situation one is in is called cognitive theory.
Ego = Freud’s term for the part of the personality that mediates between environmental demands (reality), conscience, and instinctual needs; now often used as a synonym for “self.”
In Jung’s theory of personality, thought forms common to all human beings, stored in the collective unconscious is called, archetypes.
Display rules are culture-specific rules that govern how, when, and why expressions of emotion are appropriate.
According to Adler, the person’s effort to overcome imagined or real personal weaknesses is called compensation.
According to Rogers, the drive of every organism to fulfill its biological potential and become what it is inherently capable of becoming. Actualizing tendency.
Personality theories that view behavior as the product of the interaction of cognitions, learning and past experiences, and the immediate environment are called cognitive social learning theories.
In Bandura’s theory, standards that people develop to rate the adequacy of their own behavior in a variety of situations is called performance standards.
According to Rotter, an expectancy about whether reinforcement is under internal or external control is called locus of control.
Drive reduction theory is the theory that motivated behavior is aimed at reducing a state of bodily tension or arousal and returning the organism to homeostasis.
According to Freud, the way in which the ego seeks to satisfy instinctual demands safely and effectively in the real world is called reality principle.
Motive is the specific need or desire, such as hunger, thirst, or achievement, that prompts goal-directed behavior.
According to Rogers, an individual whose self-concept closely resembles his or her inborn capacities or potentials is a fully functioning person.
In Adler’s theory, the fixation on feelings of personal inferiority that results in emotional and social paralysis is inferiority complex.
According to Jung, people who regulate their actions by the psychological functions of thinking and feeling are rational individuals.
Arousal theory is the theory of motivation that propose organisms seek an optimal level of arousal.
Extrinsic motivation is a desire to perform a behavior to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment.
Stimulus motive is the unlearned motive, such as curiosity or contact, that prompts us to explore or change the world around us.
Defense Mechanisms are self-deceptive techniques for reducing anxiety and guilt, including denial, repression, projection, identification, regression, intellectualization, reaction formation, displacement, and sublimation.
According to Jung, our public self, the mask we put on to represent ourselves to others is called persona.
In Rogers’s theory, acceptance and love that are dependent on behaving in certain ways and fulfilling certain conditions is called conditional positive regard_.
The need to excel, to overcome obstacles is called achievement motive.
Short Answer 50 total points possible
What are the five propositions which are central to all psychodynamic theories? 5 points possible 1. Mental life is unconscious so people do not understand the way they behave. 2. Mental processes that include emotions, motivations and thought work parallel and lead to conflicting feelings. 3. Stable personality patterns form early in...