The human relations approach

Topics: Management, Organizational culture, Organizational structure Pages: 3 (733 words) Published: April 3, 2014

THE KENYA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT
MODULE: DCM 200, PRACTICE OF MANAGEMENT.
CLASS A, EVENING CLASS, MONDAY.
JANUARY – JUNE.
LECTURER: MR. KISIA
WORK BASED ASSIGNMENT
PARTICIPANT: HUSNA TWALIB NYANGASA
ADMISSION No: NRB/53875.

SECTION 1
a) Identify the common types of organizational cultures found in organizations. Culture
A culture is a way of life of a group of people the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next. Organization

Even if organizations have the same objectives as culture but they tend to be different. An organization is a social unit of people that is structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals. All organizations have a management structure that determines relationships between the different activities and the members, and subdivides and assigns roles, responsibilities, and authority to carry out different tasks. Organizations are open systems they affect and are affected by their environment. Charles Handy (1976) and Roger Harrison (1972) with linking organizational structure to organizational culture. They described four types of culture in organization: Power culture

Concentrates power among a small group or a central figure and its control is radiating from its center like a web. Power cultures need only a few rules and little bureaucracy but swift in decisions can ensue. Role culture

These organizations form hierarchical bureaucracies, where power derives from the personal position and rarely from an expert power. Control is made by procedures which are highly valued, strict roles descriptions and authority definitions. These organizations have consistent systems and are very predictable. This culture is often represented by a "Roman Building" having pillars. These pillars represent the functional departments. Task culture

Power is derived from the team...
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