January 7, 2012
The four basic Correctional Models in the Juvenile Justice
There are four juvenile correctional models. First, there is the Treatment Model which is based upon the Parens Patraie belief that the state acts as the guardian of a juvenile. The juvenile court examines the youth to better understand the juvenile’s existing problems. After that an expert will diagnose and develop a treatment program for that specific juvenile. Once the specific program has been completed, the juvenile is placed back into society with the belief that they are rehabilitated. The psychological, physical, and social aspects of the juvenile are the main emphasis of this model. Yet, the uses of juvenile confinement facilities are not believed to be beneficial to the juvenile. The second model is the Justice Model. This model embraces the thought that the due process of law and equitable sentences be utilized. It holds a juvenile accountable but also has a punishment that is appropriate to the crime that was committed. This model suggests several changes to the juvenile system. These changes include an end to vague terms of sentencing and parole, limiting the free judgment of juvenile practitioners, and the volitional enrolment of rehabilitative programs for the juvenile defender. The third is the Crime Control Model which places certain emphasis on punishment for crimes committed. It is believed that a harsh penalty will teach the juvenile not to commit such acts. This will also show juvenile peers what may happen to them if they perform a criminal act. This model is a strong supporter of incarceration for juvenile defenders. For instance the courts make an example of the juvenile defender. The fourth is the Balanced and Restorative Justice Model. This model focuses its’ attention on the three different but equal goals. The first goal focuses on the accountability of the juvenile for the crimes committed against the...