The Amber Room

Topics: Saint Petersburg, East Prussia, Königsberg Castle Pages: 8 (3383 words) Published: December 13, 2012
Bolor-Erdene Tseren
WRI 1200
The Amber Room
Three hundred years ago, there was a great treasure, which was built by human hands. It is called the Amber Room. Art experts from Germany said it should be the 8th wonder of world due to its beauty. History, when recorded, is evidence that shows that the past actually happened. However, the Amber Room did not have the fate to stay in a physical form and became one of the interesting mysteries of the century. Many researchers are interested to discover the mystery of the Amber Room, however the mystery is still under the veil of mystery. It is because of “misplacing” due to World War II. It has a huge contribution to the interesting mystery. Although, the turmoil of World War II caused the beauty to be hidden, there also are other contributions to the mystery.

Amber is a valuable element that is the solidified sap of evergreen trees. Amber comes from tree resin that was fossilized. Mostly, it always has some kind of ancient insects trapped in the fossilized sap that is preserved in good condition. Therefore, amber comes from more than 50 million years ago. Amber is very easily melted in fire; once it is heated it melts like honey, turning into a thick liquid.

The story of the Amber Room begins in the year of 1701. The first piece of the Amber Room was the altar. The order to build the Amber Altar was given by Kurfürst of Brandenburg (Berlin in modern day) in Eastern Prussia (Poland in modern day). The Prussian King, Friedrich I, received the Amber Room as a gift for his marriage. King Friedrich I got the idea of building the Amber Room from the Amber Altar. The Amber Room was mainly built in Konigsberg by Danish Amber master Gottfried Wolffram. In the year of 1707, after most of the parts of the Amber walls were completed, the project was transferred to Amber master Ernst Schacht and Gottfried Turow from Danzig, Austria. They installed the walls on Berlin City Castle in 1712. In the same year, Zar I, the Russian King, visited the castle to admire the Amber Room’s beauty. Although, Zar I had another reason to visit Friedrich I, Zar I wanted to convince Friedrich I to fight together against the Swedish. Unfortunately he refused. Friedrich I died in 1713, and his son Friedrich Wilhelm I, took over his reign. Wilhelm was not like his father at all. Friedrich I liked art and science, but Wilhelm I did not. Therefore, Friedrich Wilhelm I built his army twice the size of what his father had. In order to make his army bigger, he sold the Amber Room to Peter I, the Russian King. The Amber Room was purchased for 150,000 marks, which is about 250 billion U.S. dollars today. The Amber Room gave the perfect opportunity to the Prussian-Russian alliance against the Swedish. The Swedish took over the Baltic Sea regions to build Baltic Empire of Trade during 1560-1658. After thirty years of the war, Sweden was able to build the empire they wanted. Therefore, Russia, Denmark, Norway, and Saxony made the Anti-Swedish alliance to declare war against the Swedish Empire. The first alliance lost the war against Sweden and the Ottoman Empire (Turkey in modern day) alliance. In 1717, Prussia joined the Anti-Swedish Alliance to take over Sweden in Vorpommern (Griefswald, Germany in modern day). Since Prussia and Russia both had a common enemy (Sweden), Peter I lied to his wife about his buying of the Amber Room from Prussia, because the Amber Room cost a lot. Wilhelm I sent the Amber Room to Peter I by ship from Konigsberg to Memel (Klaipeda in modern day) through the Baltic Sea. From Memel, the Amber Room was then transported by 18 horse-drawn carriages to the Winter Palace in Petersburg. (The Amber Path)

The original Amber Room fit into 18 large boxes. Peter I wanted the Amber Room to be placed at the Winter Palace in Petersburg, but later on, his wife Elisabeth Zarin, gave the order to relocate the Amber Room to the Leningrad Summer Palace for decoration. The original Amber Room...
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