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Educational Planning, Finance and Management

UNIT II Planning Structures

TOPIC: Role of National Development Council of Planning
Role of Planning Commission Role of State Planning Board

Name: Laltanpuii, R/N 5 M.Ed
IASE 2012- 2013

NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL OF PLANNING

The National Development Council (NDC) or the Rashtriya Vikas Parishad is the apex body for decision making and deliberations on development matters in India, presided over by the Prime Minister. It was set up on August 6, 1952 to strengthen and mobilize the effort and resources of the nation in support of the Plan, to promote common economic policies in all vital spheres, and to ensure the balanced and rapid development of all parts of the country. The Council comprises the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet Ministers, Chief Ministers of all States or their substitutes, representatives of the union territories and the members of the Commissions. It is an extra-constitutional and non-statutory body. Its status is advisory to planning commission but not binding. The first meeting chaired by Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru on November 8–9, 1952. So far 57 meetings had been held. The 57th Meeting of National Development Council was held on 27 December 2012 at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi. The National Development Council is presided over by the Prime Minister of India and includes all Union Ministers, Chief Ministers of all the States and Administrators of Union Territories and Members of the Planning Commission. Ministers of State with independent charge are also invited to the deliberations of the Council. Objectives

It has been set up with three objectives
1. to strengthen and mobilize the effort and resources of the nation in support of the Plan 2. to promote common economic policies in all vital spheres and 3. to ensure the balanced and rapid development of all parts of the country. Functions

The functions of the Council are
1. to prescribe guidelines for the formulation of the National Plan, including the assessment of resources for the Plan; 2. to consider the National Plan as formulated by the Planning Commission; 3. to consider important questions of social and economic policy affecting national development; and 4. to review the working of the Plan from time to time and to recommend such measures as are necessary for achieving the aims and targets set out in the National Plan.

PLANNING COMMISSION
Rudimentary economic planning, deriving the sovereign authority of the state, first initiated in India in 1938 by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose when he was the Congress president and drafted by Meghnad Saha. The British Raj also formally established a planning board that functioned from 1944 to 1946. Industrialists and economists independently formulated at least three development plans in 1944. After India gained independence, a formal model of planning was adopted, and accordingly the Planning Commission, reporting directly to the Prime Minister of India was established on 15 March 1950, with prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru as the chairman. The Planning Commission does not derive its creation from either the Constitution or statute, but is an arm of the Central/Union Government. Organisation

The composition of the Commission has undergone a lot of change since its inception. With the prime minister as the ex-officio Chairman, the committee has a nominated Deputy chairman, who is given the rank of a full Cabinet Minister. Mr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia is presently the Deputy Chairman of the Commission. Cabinet Ministers with certain important portfolios act as part-time members of the Commission, while the full-time members are experts of various fields like Economics, Industry, Science and General Administration. The Planning Commission has been granted...
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