Unit 1: Government, Policies and the Public Services

Topics: Policy, Democracy, Government Pages: 5 (1684 words) Published: March 31, 2014
P1
What are the responsibility of the government in the uk
The central government is charged with a number of responsibilities including policy making on matters of education, crime and justice, employment and foreign relations. The central government is also charged with delegation of duties to the local government as well as coordination of these local governments. Usual responsibilities of this level of government which are not granted to lower levels are maintaining national security and exercising international diplomacy, including the right to sign binding treaties. Basically, the central government has the power to make laws for the whole country, in contrast with local governments.

P2
What is the impact of policies on different public services Public services are provided by various levels of Government ... some (like pension & post office) are federal, while other (like library & police) are local ... so any cutbacks at the national level will mainly impact federal/national services, not town/city services. The politicians decide on overall policies, but once any changes are decided it's usually left to the civil service to implement the decisions. Some are specific and there is no room for choice of how the change is made (e.g. decision to decommission an aircraft carrier), but other (e.g. a certain budget cut to a Ministry) can be implemented in different ways. Budgets pay for different things (e.g. salaries, equipment/supplies, contract assistance) and only a portion of any budget cut will directly reduce service levels. Most managers, given the chance, will try to implement budget cuts so as to minimize service reductions. And to a large degree these reductions will usually be in terms of frequency, number of offices, hours of operation or how fast the service is provided .. rather than a complete discontinuation. the budget cuts in the UK are targeted more at some areas of Government operations than others, so impact will vary. Some services may be severely impacted while others are untouched. Given the scale of the savings defined there will unavoidably be significant impact on service levels. The government’s involvements in the public services and there responsibilities. It is the government who pay for the public services so in order to hire people like the police it is the government who pays them in order for them to get the job done the government has many responsibilities when it comes to the public services one being that the worker are not slacking and the job is done to a certain level making sure that the public are happy with what is done. Also the government takes reports from the public in order to see how they could improve the public services so the public services become more useful and can help out more. Ways that the Government is looking to empower people include: extending choice, strengthening accountability, and offering more opportunities for direct control, including for instance through the use of individual budgets. The Government is also committed to transforming public services so they are delivered in the ways and at the times that suit the service user rather than the service provider. Government can only do this by engaging users of public services to learn what really matters to them and by acting on what is learnt. The Government aims to establish across the public sector a culture built upon an understanding of the needs and behaviours of citizens and businesses to create services that are better for citizens, with simpler, more accessible and convenient services. P3

The electron process
When Parliament is dissolved every seat in the House of Commons becomes vacant and a general election is held. Each constituency in the UK elects one MP (Member of Parliament) to a seat in the House of Commons. The political party that wins a majority of seats in the House of Commons usually forms the Government. MPs are elected from a choice of candidates by a simple...
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