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The first unions were organized during the economic depression of the 1820s.

The Sherman Antitrust Act, enacted in 1890, was initially applied to any activity that interrupted the free flow of commerce. Applied to unions to stifle their activity.

The Clayton Act, enacted in 1914 with good intent toward labor, exacerbated the problem by strengthening the application of the Sherman Act against labor.

A yellow-dog contract is a stipulation mandated by the employer that the employee will not join a union, as a condition of continued employment. Yellow-dog contracts were upheld by the courts in strict opposition to the legal principle of noninterference with contractual business relations.

Yellow-dog contracts were in effect until the passage of the Railway Labor Act of 1926 and the Federal Anti-Injunction Act of 1932. The Railway Labor Act of 1926 outlawed yellow-dog contracts by prohibiting an agreement of

The first unions were organized during the economic depression of the 1820s.

The Sherman Antitrust Act, enacted in 1890, was initially applied to any activity that interrupted the free flow of commerce. Applied to unions to stifle their activity.

The Clayton Act, enacted in 1914 with good intent toward labor, exacerbated the problem by strengthening the application of the Sherman Act against labor.

A yellow-dog contract is a stipulation mandated by the employer that the employee will not join a union, as a condition of continued employment. Yellow-dog contracts were upheld by the courts in strict opposition to the legal principle of noninterference with contractual business relations.

Yellow-dog contracts were in effect until the passage of the Railway Labor Act of 1926 and the Federal Anti-Injunction Act of 1932. The Railway Labor Act of 1926 outlawed yellow-dog contracts by prohibiting an agreement of The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) was enacted in 1935 to ensure the right of employees to organize and participate in unions...
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