Female Workers’ Attitudes on Industrial Disputes at RMG Sector in Bangladesh: An Empirical Analysis Mohammad Mizenur Rahaman (Corresponding Author) Assistant Professor Department of Business Administration Shahjalal University of Science and Technology Sylhet -3114, Bangladesh E-mail: email@example.com Alternative E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Cell: +8801716258962, +8801818970170 Md. Rabiul Islam Assistant Professor Department of Business Administration Bangladesh University 15/1 Iqbal Road, Mohammadpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh E-mail: email@example.com Cell: +8801712004242, +880119717222 Md. Abdullah Assistant Professor Department of Marketing Comilla University Comilla, Bangladesh E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Cell: +8801552428537 Shah Johir Rayhan Lecturer Department of Management and Finance Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University Dhaka, Bangladesh. E-mail: email@example.com Cell: +8801712700906 Abstract Industrial disputes one of the important issues that hindrance the development of the sectoral growth. RMG sector in Bangladesh is mainly human resource especially women workers intensive industry and they have remarkable contribution in the economy of Bangladesh. Last few years this sector not contributing as much as we expected because of industrial disputes narrowing the performance of this sector. As the paramount proportion of human resources in garment sector are women workers, so their attitudes has significant impact on
minimizing industrial disputes and increasing the productivity at garment industry in Bangladesh. In this study, we have attempted to measure the woman workers attitude on the industrial disputes and its minimization process for sustainable development of this sector. Mixed research methods were used to analyze female workers’ attitudes toward the industrial disputes at RMG sector of Bangladesh. [Keywords: Disputes, Human Resources, development program, skilled, RMG sector] 1. Introduction: It is well recognized that women’s participation in income generation activities lends them a better status within the family and provides them with considerable freedom. Role of women in working environment also give them opportunity to exercise their rights and responsibilities, which contribute organizational as well as economic development of the country. It also reduces the possibility of domestic violence against women. Expansion of women’s employment has contributed positively to the improvement of the savings behavior of the poor people since women tend to be better savers. Employment in the RMG (Ready Made Garments) industry has provided direct access to cash income for the first time to many poor women. Bangladesh has abundant human resources especially women workers but most of the human resources are unskilled, not trained, underutilized and not educated as required. RMG is mainly human resource especially human resources intensive industry and its paramount proportion of human resources are women workers, so their attitudes has significant impact on minimizing industrial disputes and improving productivity. RMG is the key contributive sector in economic development of Bangladesh but it has no proper guideline and systematic policies for human resource development and sectoral development. That’s why competitiveness of this industries gradually decline in domestic as well as international market and sustainable development was questionable? In Bangladesh maximum proportion of the garments workers are women, so their contribution is obligatory in organizational development, individual development, and industrial development to achieve ultimate goals of the RMG sector. The garments industry has been leading the Bangladesh economy since the early 1990s. Garments are the country’s principal export making up about 70% of total exports, and the industry is a...