Tenancies: Leasehold Estate and Tenancy

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  • Topic: Leasehold estate, Khoo Thean Teik, Lease
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TOPIC 5: TENANCIES
5.1Definition of a Lease/Tenancy
5.1.1 ‘Tenancy’ and ‘Tenancy Exempt from Registration’ – ss 5, 213 and 223

5.2Creation of a Tenancy
5.2.1 Indorsement of Tenancy

5.3Types of Tenancy under NLC

5.4Determination of Tenancies

References:
1. Teo & Khaw, Chapter 6
2. Sihombing J, Chapter 15
3. Joshua, Chapter 8
4. Salleh Buang, Chapter 7
5. Ainul Jaria Maidin, Chapter 8

TOPIC 5: TENANCIES
5.1DEFINITION OF A TENANCY
• Meaning under NLC:
o “tenancy”: ss 213 & 223 – ‘tenancy exempt from registration’.

• Identify the differences between a lease and tenancy.
• Mere label of lease does not mean lease but is tenancy: Golden Court Hotel v Pemegang Harta Malaysia [1995] 4 MLJ 708

• Three essential characteristics of a lease/tenancy:
• s 225(2) interpretation

5.1.1‘Tenancy’ and ‘Tenancy Exempt from Registration’ – ss 5, 213 and 223
Q: any distinction between a ‘tenancy’ and a ‘tenancy exempt from registration’ under NLC:
Tan Kiaw v Gan Chye Khoon [1983] 2 MLJ 109 FC

• Effect of a tenancy exempt from registration on third parties and chargees
Hotel Ambassador Sdn Bhd v Seapower Sdn Bhd [1991] 1 MLJ 404

Than Kok Leong v Low Kim Hai [1983] 1 MLJ 187

5.2CREATION OF A TENANCY
5.2.1Indorsement of Tenancy
• Orally or in writing: s 223(2)
• May be protected by way of an indorsement on the RDT: s 213(3)

Q1: Whether a tenancy exempt from registration is binding on a subsequent purchaser or a purchaser pursuant to an order for sale?
Than Kok Leong v Low Kim Hai [1983] 1 MLJ 187

Hotel Ambassador v Seapower Sdn Bhd [1991] 1 MLJ 404

Q2: Can a tenant lodge a caveat as notice to the whole world?
Luggage Distributors (M) Sdn. Bhd. v Tan Hor Teng [1995] MLJ 719

5.3TYPES OF TENANCY UNDER NLC
(a) Fixed tenancy
(b) Periodical tenancy
(c) Tenancy at will

(d) Tenancy at sufferance

(e) Tenancy with ‘estoppel’
Wee Tiang Yap v Chan Chan Brothers...
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