Teenage Pregnancy

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The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Digital Commons @Brockport
Counselor Education Master's Theses Counselor Education

1-1-2005

Teen Pregnancy, Self-Esteem, and their Relationship in an Urban High School Robert P. Curran
The College at Brockport

Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.brockport.edu/edc_theses Part of the Student Counseling and Personnel Services Commons Recommended Citation Curran, Robert P., "Teen Pregnancy, Self-Esteem, and their Relationship in an Urban High School" (2005). Counselor Education Master's Theses. Paper 22.

This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Counselor Education at Digital Commons @Brockport. It has been accepted for inclusion in Counselor Education Master's Theses by an authorized administrator of Digital Commons @Brockport. For more information, please contact kmyers@brockport.edu.

Teen Pregnancy and Self-Esteem 1

Running head: TEEN PREGNANCY AND SELF-ESTEEM

Teen Pregnancy, Self-Esteem, and their Relationship in an Urban High School Robert P. Curran State University of New York College at Brockport

Teen Pregnancy and Self-Esteem 2 Abstract A prospective study examining the relationship between teen pregnancy and selfesteem was taken with 113 urban upstate New York students aged 12 through 19 years. Utilizing the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory and a questionnaire of demographic and attitudinal information yielded a limited, to no significant relationship between pregnancy and self-esteem. The study however did show a pregnancy rate of 8% current to administration and 22% of teen females who reported “ever” being pregnant. The sexual activity experience rate was nearly 70% for these teens, with limited access to that resolve (pregnancy to term or abortion). Further research implications and areas of study are discussed as well as salience of self-esteem as it relates to pregnancy, sexual activity, and socio-economic status. Implications for counseling interventions are also discussed.

Teen Pregnancy and Self-Esteem 3 Table of Contents 1. 2. Abstract………………………………………………………………………..2 Literature Review……………………………………………………………...4 Teen pregnancy – Prevalence…………………………………………………4 Teen Pregnancy – Prevalence w/African-American & Hispanic Teens...…….5 Teen Pregnancy – Academics and aspirations..……………………………….8 Teen Pregnancy – Health concerns…………………………………………..10 Teen Pregnancy – Summary statistics……………………………………….10 Self-Esteem – What is it? ....definitions/conception…………………………12 Self-Esteem, race, and socio-economic status……………………………….14 The relationship of Self-Esteem & Teen Pregnancy…………………………15 Research of Self-Esteem from other populations……………………………16 3. Method Participants…………………………………………………………………...16 Procedure……………………………………………………………….........17 Instrument……………………………………………………………………18 4. 5. 6. 7. Results………………………………………………………………………..20 Discussion……………………………………………………………………25 References……………………………………………………………………32 Appendixes English version of RSE and Attitude Survey…………………………….39-41 Spanish version of RSE and Attitude Survey…………………………….42-44 Sexual activity charts for male and female sample…………………………..45

Teen Pregnancy and Self-Esteem 4

Teen Pregnancy and Self-Esteem in an Urban High School A significant health, educational, and social problem facing the United States is the occurrence of teen pregnancy. In the late 1980’s The United States had been experiencing an increase in the teen pregnancy rate each year steadily from the decade of the seventies (Guttenmacher, 2004). In the late 1980’s it was estimated that everyday in the United States over 2600 young women under 18 years old would become pregnantmost of them unmarried (McCullough & Schermann, 1991). Of these births it was estimated that 1,300 teens will give birth, close to 1,000 will abort, and the remaining reported a “miscarry” in survey of data (McCullough & Schermann, 1991). In 1989 alone, over 1 million teenage women reported to be...
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