Review Article REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF EUPHORBIA HIRTA LINN. SANDEEP B. PATIL*, MRS. NILOFAR S. NAIKWADE, CHANDRAKANT S. MAGDUM
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ABSTRACT: Medicinal herbs are the local heritage with global importance. Medicinal herbs have curative properties due to presence of various complex chemical substance of different composition, which are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more parts of these plants. These plant metabolites according to their composition are grouped as alkaloids, glycosides, corticosteroids, essential oils etc. Euphorbia hirta, (familyEuphorbiaceae) is an herb found in many parts of the world. In Sanskrit it means “Dugadhika” According to the Doctrine of Signatures, the plant has a reputation for increasing milk flow in women, because of its milky latex, and is used for other female complaints as well as diseases of the respiratory tract. The plant has been reported as increase in urine output, antidiarrheal, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory etc.
Key words: Phytochemistry, Pharmacological aspects, Euphorbia hirta linn.
JPRHC | July 2009 | Vol. 1 | No.1 | 113-133
Euphorbia hirta L. is a medicinal, rhizomatous herb distributed in Southern Western Ghats of India and Northern East Coast of Tamil Nadu (1). In East and West Africa extracts of the plant are used in treatment of asthma and respiratory tract inflammations. It is also used for coughs, chronic bronchitis and other pulmonary disorders in Malagasy. The plant is also widely used in Angola against diarrhoea and dysentery, especially amoebic dysentery. In Nigeria extracts or exudates of the plant are used as ear drops and in the treatment of boils, sore and promoting wound healing (2). DESCRIPTION: Euphorbia Hirta L. Family: (Euphorbiaceae) Vernacular names: dudhani, dudhi English name: snake weed Morphology: