Tata Nano is an ambitious project of Tata Motors and is a new concept altogether, which is to launch a low cost car India. As a Project Manager of this project I will follow the project life cycle of the project and will describe the various stages. The Project Life Cycle refers to a logical sequence of activities to accomplish the project’s goals or objectives. Regardless of scope or complexity, any project goes through a series of stages during its life. There is first an Initiation or Birth phase, in which the outputs and critical success factors are defined, followed by a Planning phase, characterized by breaking down the project into smaller parts/tasks, an Execution phase, in which the project plan is executed, and lastly a Closure or Exit phase, that marks the completion of the project. Project activities must be grouped into phases because by doing so, the project manager and the core team can efficiently plan and organize resources for each activity, and also objectively measure achievement of goals and justify their decisions to move ahead, correct, or terminate. It is of great importance to organize project phases into industry-specific project cycles.
In this first stage, the scope of the project is defined along with the approach to be taken to deliver the desired outputs. The project manager is appointed and in turn, he selects the team members based on their skills and experience. The most common tools or methodologies used in the initiation stage are Project Charter, Business Plan, Project Framework (or Overview), Business Case Justification, and Milestones Reviews. Tata Motors had initiated the project of Nano and detailed study is done to check its feasibility. Feasibility in this case depend upon market survey, logistics of manufacturing, supply and distribution as well as financial aspects.
The second phase should include a detailed identification and assignment of each task until the end of the...