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From the observations, we can see that Jermaine’s physical development is normal when compared to the milestones. According to the milestones (Berk, 2009), children of age 2-3 can start walking rhythmically and are able to run from their usual hurried walks. They are able to walk up staircases with alternate foot on each step (p.177). We can see that Jermaine’s physical confidence is growing as she is able to climb the stairs confidently and able to combine movements with ease. Piaget says that children construct their knowledge through “specific psychological structures call schemes.”(Berk, 2009, p. 225) Jermaine is undergoing ‘Assimilation’ when she “takes 1 piece of the puzzle and tries to put it in horizontally. It could not fit in so she takes another puzzle and do the same” Through repeated tries, her mind is constantly absorbing information. When Jermaine “pauses for a while and she looks around the board. This time she tries to put the puzzle in the biggest slot and it fit in.” Jermaine now needs to understand that there are many ways to fit the puzzle and the biggest puzzle fits into the biggest slot. This new input and reorganization of thoughts has helped to change the existing information in her mind, and this process is ‘Accommodation’. When she had completed the puzzle, she reaches equilibrium where her knowledge is re-organized. Hence, when children play, it is meaningful as much information is going through their minds and they are constantly undergoing this adaptation and organization of thoughts that helps to construct knowledge. According to Piaget’s “Stages of Cognitive Development”, Jermaine is between ‘sensorimotor’ and ‘preoperational stage’. Jermaine tends to be egocentric at times as she quickly pulls the entire puzzle to herself when H.S wanted to join her. Even though she was taught to share but at that moment, she is very interested in the puzzle and she wanted the puzzle all to herself so that she can solve it. Children at this...
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